English 10: Writing Portfolio

 

Catholic Memorial High School

 

2007-2008

   
   
   
   
   
Research  
   
Creative Writing  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
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  Many of us have come across the word "lacrosse", without giving it a second thought.
Lacrosse is a word used quite a lot because I play "lacrosse" almost year round. It has
brought a lot of interest to me. I have always liked the sound of the word "lacrosse" and
always wondered whether it had any cultural background or any other meaning and until now had never
looked it up. When many people think of the word, right away they come to think of a sport that the
Indians created. They are exactly right, but most of them probably do not know that it was
originally called Baggatiway. Also many people think that this word is very old, since the
“Indians” created it. But, the word lacrosse is just a baby, being only two hundred and forty four
years old.

In my pre searching I took a survey and asked five people what they thought of the word “lacrosse”
and to use it in a sentence. Sixty percent of the surveyors thought of a type of sport or something
that you do in a sport such as “throwing”. The other forty percent thought of an attribute to
lacrosse such as a “triangular net,” or the “lacrosse ball” being hard. An example to these
attributes could be by my mother, Julie, who said “the lacrosse ball is very hard.” However, almost
all of the answers had to do with the same area of answer.

“Lacrosse” is almost the same in every language, however, in my interview with my cousin Leon (who
was born in the Philippines and English is his second language) he told me that the word is not even
in the Pilipino language. I found that very interesting because maybe they could have a similar
sport to lacrosse that has a different name. When I interviewed Gjergji Evangjeli, native speaker
of Albania, told me that the word “lacrosse” is the same as it is in English. My cousin also used
the word in a sentence, saying, “The lacrosse ball is very hard.”

The OED definition for lacrosse is “a North American game at ball, which the Indians of Canada
introduced to England.” Over the years however the definition has been added to and now sounds a
little like this, “a game, originated by the Indians in North America, played on a rectangular field
with ten players on each team trying to score a goal with a netted stick on the opponents net.” The
only other use for the word, besides the definition, is a LaCrosse boot. This was the boots that
the army and the navy used and they are also boots that can be used for outdoor work and footwear.
Before the game was called “lacrosse” it was Baggatiway. This word has ceased to be the name for
the game now. Some unique definitions that have come out of the word lacrosse are “Crosse”, which
is the stick a lacrosse player uses. Another unique definition that I found was “lacrosser” and
this means one that plays lacrosse.

The have been many authors who have used the word “lacrosse” over time, but the definition has never
changed. It has been used many times over the past years though. However, it is still just a baby
word in its stage of development. The earliest usage of the word was in 1763, by A. Henry. He said
“the game is called Baggatiway. By the French in Canada its name is ‘le jeu de la crosse’.” The in
1884 in the handbook of Canada, E. Dawson said ‘Lacrosse is the national game of Canada, long
previously of the arrival of the Europeans.”

The word lacrosse is just a baby, as I stated before, and in the past seven years there has been no
change of the use. However, that doesn’t mean that the same use of this word not in any passages.
It is only two hundred and forty four years old and it is in an article almost everyday. In the
Baltimore sun, Katherine Dunn wrote an article on October 24, 2007 that included, “A three-sport
athlete, she also plays squash and lacrosse for the Mawrtians while maintaining a “B” average.”
Another example of the usage of “lacrosse” is in the article “Pro lacrosse league soon canceled” by
Jeff Gold uses the word in this sentence: “The National Lacrosse League announced the cancellation
of the 2008 season….”


The future of lacrosse has crossed my mind. I think that right now it is in its early stage and
could possibly change a little over the years. But, I do not think that the meaning of it is going
to change a whole lot because it is in the definition of a sport and it has come to mind that they
don’t change a whole lot over their “wordily” life. As opposed to the future of the “super
language” I think that it will be used for a lot longer, until the sport lacrosse dies out. I think
that within the next years of this words life “lacrosse” could be used to describe sports that have
a player that uses a stick and a ball. I think that that would be a good name for that usage since
“Crosse” means stick (stick) and “lacrosser” means one who plays lacrosse (sport).
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dear Scribe,

We are sorry to inform you that you will not be included in next year’s edition of Prentice Hall
Literature: Timeless Voices Timeless Themes (The British Tradition. This was a very difficult
decision to make and you were up against some tough authors. We think that the story Beowulf is
great and you’re an excellent writer, however you did not make the cut. Beowulf is too obsessed
with the ocean, there are too many complex sentences and the proportions of characters extract from
the theme.

Throughout the story Beowulf is too obsessed with the ocean and water. To get to Hrothgar he has
to sail his ship across the ocean. The text says “He knew the sea, would point out the prow
straight to that distant Danish shore.” (lines 123-124) Beowulf’s biggest fight, before coming to
help Hrothgar, was fighting Breca, a sea-creature. Beowulf says to Unferth “I was the strongest
swimmer of all. We’d been children together and we grew up daring ourselves to outdo each other,
boasting and urging each other to risk our lives at sea.” (lines 534-538) It sounds like Breca was
a human, but in the story it is a sea-monster. Then when Beowulf has to fight Grendel’s mother, he
fights her under the lake where she lives. In line 467 it says “He leaped into the lake” and then
it says in line 469 “For hours he sank…” This is unrealistic and repetitive to keep having these
fights in the water.

The sentences in this story are very complex and hard to read. They are very lengthy sentences
and can be misunderstood easily. An example of a line that is long and confusing is: “That was
their way, and the heathen’s only hope, Hell always in their harts, knowing neither God nor His
passing as He walks through our world, the Lord of Heaven and earth; their ears could not hear His
praise nor His glory.” (Beowulf, lines 93-98) Beowulf is full of lines like this and they are
difficult to read and comprehend. Another line from the old English that is complex is “Then the
gray-haired treasure-giver was glad; far-famed in battle, the prince of Bright-Danes and keeper of
his people counted on Beowulf, on the warrior’s steadfastness and his word.” They are grammatically
correct, but today you do not usually write sentences that long. Students get lost and displeased
when they are reading for so long and do not understand what is going on. A journal from the work
Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics from “Proceedings of the British Academy” agree with me saying
that the sentences are “uniquely strong”.

The proportions of the character’s extract from its theme to the point were it seems like a fairy
tale. Beowulf is this normal prince of the Geats and a human being. In his arrival speech to the
King he says “I drove five great giants into chains, chased all of that race from the earth. I swam
in the blackness of the night, hunting monsters out of the ocean, and killing them one by one….”
From what this says Beowulf was the Geats version of Odysseus. That is a little over the edge of
believable, for a high school reading level. Unferth questions him and he replies saying that he
has fought a creature Breca. He says “Shoulder to shoulder, we struggled on for five nights, until
the long flow and pitch of the waves, the perishing cold , night falling and winds from the north
drove us apart.” (lines 544-548) How could a man fight against a monstrous water creature for five
days in the ocean and survive. He hears about this “demon” beast that nobody can kill; no sword can
hurt, and has been killing Hrothgar’s men as if they were little toys. “Grendel snatched at the
first Geat he came to, ripped him apart, cut his body with powerful jaws, drank the blood from his
veins and bolted him down, hand and feet: death…” (314-319) Then Beowulf goes there and slays it on
his first night. That makes no sense from the descriptions of Grendel eating men. Also Grendel
has unimaginable strength, “…Straight to the door, then snapped it open, tore its iron fasteners
with a touch…” (296-298) During the battle Beowulf cuts off Grendel’s arm and kills him. This
makes no sense to the other evidence of Grendel being a beast that no man could ever match before.
Beowulf returns home and then years later slay a Dragon. These tales are sort of like a fairy-tale
with huge beasts and dragons just walking around. The beasts are like creatures from a fairy tale.
This is amusing but it does not really give a teaching message. Christopher Tolkien also agrees
with me in his article “The monster and the critics and other essays,” saying the dragon was “….not
being dragon enough, plain pure fairy-story dragon.”

Again we are very sorry for this inconvenience and we hope you do not take this the wrong way.
There is always another textbook that this story could come to great use for at another time. We
would like to tell you again once more that “Beowulf” is an fine epic.

Our Apologies,
Michael Woodall
Prentice Hall Editor

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lacrosse has become a widely played sport in the United States in the past years and has come to be
many kids’ favorite sport. However, what is it like in countries of the old British Empire? Canada
is my favored spot and will be for the most part of this paper. The origin of the sport and word
is from Canada and the word is only about 244 years old. The earliest use of the word was by A.
Henry in 1763, according to the OED. In France and Canada it is named ‘le jeu de la crosse.’ In
Canada it is known to be their past-time sport. It was created by the North American Indians and is
said that the first Europeans to witness it where the French. It is played in the countries
Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, Sweden, England, Wales, and Scotland,
according to the World Book. Then the six tribes of Iroquois, in the area which is now Ontario and
western New York, adopted the game and called it Baggatiway, according to the Britannica. Its
current level of popularity in the former British Empire Countries is enormous. Lacrosse has been
the national sport of Canada since 1859. This could show many things about British Literature and
the people their. It could show that they like to work as a team; since lacrosse is a team sport
and also they are aggressive. Lacrosse is one of the most hardcore contact sports.

The background of Lacrosse and the history of it in the British Empire countries is crucial to the
way we play the sport today. The rules that were invented have also been carried forward today.
Many sources such as the World Book and the Britannica say the French were the first Europeans to
come across lacrosse played by the North Americans in Canada. Then the six tribes of Iroquois
adopted it and called it Baggatiway. Europeans and French settlers in Canada began to play in the
1800s, so says the World Book. Montreal’s Olympic group created a team to play in 1844,
specifically against the North Americans. The Britannica says that George Beers rewrote the rules
in 1867. This established the base of the rules and many remain the same today. Their was a limit
of twelve players per side, and he named the positions. There was a goal, first defense, point,
cover point, second defense, first attack, third defense, centre, third attack, second attack, out
home and in home. Beers is now known as the father of lacrosse and Canada’s National Lacrosse
Association adopted his rules in 1867, according to the Britannica. The same year a team from the
Caughnwaga tribe went to England and played a game for Queen Victoria and shortly many places
adapted the sport, according to the Britannica. This included: London, Bristol, Cheshire,
Lancashire, Manchester, and Yorkshire.

The European Lacrosse Federation is the biggest organization in the British Empire countries.
There are teams for Ireland, Wales, and England and there is an organization for lacrosse in Europe
for men and women. Some teams I found from the European Lacrosse Federation site include the
“Dublin Lacrosse” team and England also has its on team called “Team England” in the World
Championship games. Ireland has its own team in the World Indoor Lacrosse Championship game. The
Dublin Box Lacrosse (or DBLL) is another team organization from the British Empire that is
well-known. Drexel University, an American University just went to Dublin to play them.

Dan Ladouceur is a professional is a player for the Toronto Rock. The Toronto Rock is a National
Lacrosse League team from Toronto. Dan is from Thunder Bay, Ontario and is one of the all-star
players for the Rock, playing as a defenseman. One recent article, from January of 2006, that he
was interviewed in was the article by Carmen Di Gregorio, “Sanderson isn’t prepared to Rock the boat
just yet.” This article was talking about the game on the next day. Dan quotes “It’s huge” and
“We've seen this before, not to this extent,” and “Everything will click all of a sudden, and
I'm very confident in that.” Dan also had a comment about the playoffs saying, “We have a lot
of things to sort out before we start thinking of the playoffs.” This is according to EBSCO.

Maltida is a thirteen year old amateur of Seven Oakes, England. She did an interview for BBC and
stated what she liked to do on her spare time. She said “I don't get much spare time because I
go to boarding school and school is 8am-8pm and I board there. But with school on the weekends, I
love to horse ride, sail, kayak and play lacrosse for my team!” This is according to the British
Broadcasting Corporation.

Lacrosse has showed up quite a few times in the past one to two years in the IC Wales newspaper,
according to IC Wales’s newspaper. Two of the articles caught my attention, and the first one is
about a Cardiff team versus the Southampton team. The Cardiff team was victorious dodging the
really good Southampton team leading to a 17-2 victory. Southampton came to Cardiff to play, but
beside the fact that they were in possession most of the time they could not beat Cardiff’s goalie
or their midfielder’s. The second article was about Cardiff’s college mixed and Welsh clubs season
with a win against Aberystwyth, 36-5.

Lacrosse has not come up that much in pop culture, but there have been a few cases. The
Creator's Game is the only movie that has a plot on lacrosse, according to the Internet Movie
Data Base. Also Dakota House, the actor who plays the role of the main character Daniel Cloud, is
Canadian. The movie is about is about an outstanding lacrosse player who leaves his family to go
to graduate school to become a football coach. All the spots are taken at the school for jobs so he
joins the lacrosse team, the “Spartans” and at one point he needs to regain the respect of his team.
The OED shows that lacrosse has come up in a few books as well. One book was called “Travels and
adventures in Canada” and its author was Alexander Henry. It came out in 1763 and one quote from
this book was “the Indians call the game baggatiway. By the French in Canada it is named ‘le jeu de
la crosse’.”

Lacrosse will be going very far in the next few years for Ireland and England. Canada has already
expanded it to being the national sport; however they are no longer part of the British Empire.
Just like America, lacrosse started off very slow and a small sport only played in few spots. Now
it is played at almost every division 1 college and all high schools. This is what is going to
happen in the British Isles, as well. It has already expanded greatly with the many leagues in
Ireland and England. Both of them have an Indoor Lacrosse team or Box Lacrosse team in the World
Championships of Box Lacrosse and Dublin Lacrosse is gaining a lot of experience, playing against
Division 1 American teams, such as Drexel University.

   
   
   
   
   
   
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Conflicting government, war, and an interesting history with mysterious times are all factors that
make up British Literature. Opposing to World Literature, British literature deals a lot with the
history of Britain, the government of Britain and the present time during which the poem/story is
being written. For example, in Gulliver’s travel there is a War going on and the government is a
mess at the time in Britain, at the time that the novel was written. Jonathan Swift creates two
different cultures of people and relates them to Britain and writes a story about it. The earliest
author in this paper is Geoffrey Chaucer, who was born in 1343 and the latest author is Doris
Lessing, who was born on October 22nd 1919. Poetry tends to move towards lifestyle and the world
more then British prose does, but they both include culture. All British Literature tends to rely
primarily on five “devices”. These five “devices” are form, gender, setting, resolutions and
theme.

The use of symbolism in direction is used frequently in British Literature. John Donne uses this
in his Poem Valediction: forbidding mourning when he uses a compass to represent their love. “If
they be two, they are two so as stiff twin compasses are two: Thy soul fixed foot, makes no show to
move, but doth, if th’other do” (25-28). John is saying that he they are so in love that one cannot
work if the other isn’t. They have to move together as one couple just like the two legs of the
compass. Also a compass is used to find the direction of a circle and the area of one. Theodore
Redpath agrees with John and his symbolism when he backs him up by writing “not wholly satisfying,
since the completion of the circle is somewhat of an anticlimax as a symbol of homecoming after the
symbol of the closing of the compass.” Although not as directional as John Donne, William Wordsworth
uses symbolism with direction in Tintern Abbey, when he writes “The sounding cataract haunted me
like a passion…”(76-77). This is talking about a waterfall and a waterfall shows direction because
it is falling down towards the water. Virginia Woolf uses the symbolism of the mirror in her novel
The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection. “One could not help looking, that summer afternoon, in
the long glass that hung outside in the hall” (Page 1158). Woolf is using symbolism in the mirror
meaning a reflection at her life and reflecting upon what is happening. When you look in a mirror
it looks straight back at you. The last author that uses symbolism in direction is Samuel
Coleridge. He uses it in The Rim of the Ancient Mariner, while talking about the Albatross and the
ship. The Albatross represents the Old Man’s ability to kill God’s creatures on earth and it
represents a good omen. The ship is a symbol of the fear and haunting the bird brings and it goes
in a direction going forward. “Nor dim nor red, like God’s own head” (line 97). Samuel is talking
about what happens when he killed the albatross.

In British Literature many women have been given authority over men, unlike many stories in world
literature. They are given the authority to make major decisions that involve men or the women
could even handle the men’s lives. Alexander Pope’s The Rape of the Lock is an epic mockery and is
making fun of Arabella Fermor by creating the girl Belinda. In this story the characters are
playing cards and talking about events of the day and people. They talk about the British Queen:
“One speaks the glory of the British Queen.” (13) Pope is giving the women authority and respect
by speaking of her glory. Although not as much authority as royalty, Geoffrey Chaucer is a great
example of someone who treats women with authority over men. He shows this clearly in his book The
Nun’s Priest’s Tale. Here he says “…She held the heart of Chanticleer controlled…” (54) Chaucer is
talking about how Lady Pertelote had authority and control over Chanticleer. In the Wife of Bath’s
Tale he gives the Queen direct authority over men. “And gave him to the Queen, as should she will,
whether she’s save him, or his blood should spill” (41-42 ). This is giving the women the decision
of a man’s life. Not as direct as the rest, Sir Thomas Malory also gives authority to women in Sir
Tristram and the fair Iseult, the Queen has the authority over the lives of Tristram and Seneschal
when she makes them battle till death. “So the oath was sworn and Tristram went forth to do battle
with Seneschal…” (Page 157) Women are portrayed in this novel for love and partnership. Also Jane
Austen writes a story on the reasons why women are treated so poorly and how come they should not
be. This is in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Austen says that women are treated for only
sex and pleasures. Jane also says that the only way they can be recognized is if they get married.
Authority is given, however, to the women that they bring life into the world and take care of the
babies. “ Can they be expected to govern a family with judgment, or take care of the poor babes
whom they bring into the world?” (Page 785) Rachel Brownstein agrees with Jane Austen about women
having authority in her article Jane Austen: irony and authority. “…author Jane Austen suggests a
powerful and pleasurable relation that women in patriarchy may have to discursive authority.” This
is a key topic of gender in British literature.

The idea of water concurring with death and important events is a common setting in British
Literature. In Sir Thomas Malory’s stories the water is very significant and most of the
important details happen on a ship. For example in “Sir Tristram of Wales”, when Sir Tristram is a
youth he is on a ship playing chess and he is kidnapped to be sold for money into slavery. It says
this in “But while they played, the sailors drew up the anchor silently, hoisted the great white
sails, and slipped out to sea, meaning to sell Tristram as a slave for much money.” (Page 148)
Another part in this story that happens in the sea on a boat is in the end when Tristram and
Senechal drank the love potion by an accident and fell in love. It shows this when it says
“straight away strong love awoke in their hearts.” Geoffrey Chaucer’s biggest book “The Canterbury
Tales” is a book about a pilgramage across the water. Lines 21 to 22 say “Ready to go on a
pilgrimage and start for Canterbury.” This can all show how the water was a key part in this story.
William Wordsworth agrees that the water is a place of importance. In Tintern Abbey he recalls the
joys in his thoughts of childhood and earth’s nature comes up. He says “And the round ocean and the
living air…” (98) This was a important part of his life that he is thinking upon. In Mary Shelley’s
Frankenstein death and a lake are a big part to her writings. She wrote this book while spending
her time on the Lake and she had the idea of death come up. She wrote in The Introduction to
Frankenstein “ There was the tale of the sinful founder of his race, whose miserable doom it was to
bestow the kiss of death on all the younger sons…” (Pages 651-652) Samuel Coleridge’s The Rime of
the ancient Mariner is another great example of how death and the ocean is a major setting of
British Literature stories. This haunting tale starts off when they are on the ship and the
mariner shoots and kills the Albatross. Then the ship starts to get haunted with the souls of the
dead. “With my crossbow I shot the Albatross.” (81-82) Also it says “Water, water everywhere, and
all the boards did shrink; water, water, everywhere, nor any drop to drink.” (119-122) Critic
Harold Bloom agrees with both Frankenstein and The Rime of the Ancien Mariner, “Colerdige’s Mariner
is of the line of Cain, and the irony of Frankenstein’s fate is that he too is Cain, involuntarily
murdering all his loved ones through the agency of his creature.” You can tell from these authors
that the Setting of the water and death is a major part of British Literature. It appears numerous
times and usually as the key part of the novel.

Character’s that are agonizing over hopelessness is a common theme in British Literature. In John
Donne’s A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning the author is trying to tell the confused audience or the
confused women not to mourn him when he is gone. The woman has a lot of hopelessness that she will
not be able to go on without her husband with her. “So let us melt, and make no noise, no
tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move…” (5-6) John is saying we don’t have to worry. Also in A.E.
Housman’s When I was One-and –Twenty, he is showing hopelessness. It shows this here “And I am
two-and-twenty, and oh, ‘tis true ‘tis true” (15-16). This is showing that he ignored the advice
because he was hopeless. 1984 is a twisted and bizarre book that portrays a story of frightful
events. In all this commotion it causes a lot of hopelessness for the main character Winston Smith.
He shows his hopelessness when talking about the “Thoughtpolice”. (Page 104) “It was at night that
they came for you, always at night. The proper thing was to kill yourself before they got you”.
Erich Fromm also thinks there is hopelessness in 1984, saying, “The mood of hopelessness about the
future of man is in marked contrast to one of the most fundamental features…” John Keats shows more
hopelessness then A.E Housman does in “When I Have Fears”, he is hopeless and thinks that he will
not accomplish becoming as smart as he can before he dies. “When I have fears that I may cease to
be before my pen has gleaned my teeming brain.” (1-2) He is showing that he fears he will not be
filled up with smarts before he dies. Hopelessness also comes up in Doris Lessing’s “No
Witchcraft for Sale”, when Teddy says to Gideon “He’s only a little black boy” and being racist.
Gideon and Teddy were so close and Gideon shared love for him like his own son. This confused him
to why he would think something like that and it shows this when Gideon “turned away from him
without speaking, his face fell” (Page 1117). He is agonizing over hopelessness that the boy will
be a racist instead of seeing the boy as black.

One literary device that British authors seem to revel in is the mysterious or unsatisfying endings.
A homecoming ends Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility when Willoughby comes home to Eleanor, quite
as expected, and takes her hand in marriage. “It was as much, however, as was desired, and more
then was expected by Edward and Elinor…”(Page 303). Although not as predictable in Pope’s Essay on
man, it does end with an unsatisfying and is defeating to the topic of death—given that the poem is
a celebration of man’s power. As it says in line 376, “To man’s low passions, or their glorious
ends.” This has been unsatisfying to readers for a long time. Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway also
ends in death and its morbid ending disappointed female readers who hoped for more liberation at the
end of it. In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein the narrator relates us to the punishment of good and
the rewarding of evil many time throughout the book. This brings an unsatisfying ending when
everyone dies but the monster goes on. “He sprung from the cabin window, as he said this, upon the
ice raft which lay close to the vessel. He was soon borne away by the waves, and lost in the
darkness and distance”(page 177). A.E. Houseman, though not as much as Mary Shelley, also has an
unsatisfying ending to When I was One-and-Twenty. The ending to this is a man with no hope for
love, having not listened to advice given to him. “And I am two-and-twenty, and oh, ‘tis true ‘tis
true” (15-16). The way he says this show doubt in his voice and brings sadness to the ending.
Again in John Keats When I Have Fears that I May Cease to Be the story ends with depression that
does not satisfy the reader. “Of the wide world I stand alone, and think, till love and fame to
nothingness do sink” (13-14). The reader feels a sense of no hope in John Keats character.
George Orwell also has a unsatisfying ending because it was predictable and obvious throughout the
book on where he was intending to go. Also Winston feels that he has made it so far to being
against Big Brother and know is back to where he started. “Forty years it had taken him to learn
what kind of smile was hidden beneath the dark mustache. O cruel, needless misunderstanding”(Page
297). Eric Fromm agrees, “ One the contrary, it was quite obviously their intention to sound a
warning by showing where we are headed unless we succeed in a renaissance of the spirit of humanism
and dignity which is at the very roots of Occidental culture.” Doris Lessing’s novel “The Golden
Notebook” ends with the main character feeling tension with her new found friend and a feel of
unsatisfied thoughts. “You’re a bad influence on me, Anna. I was perfectly resigned to it all
until you came in. Actually I think we’ll get on very well” (Page 635). Molly is saying to Anna
that she is a bad influence on her life, but she thinks that they could work things out and become
friends.

As you can see, British Literature is based on those five “devices,” form, gender, setting,
resolutions and theme. This sets the tone for just about every poem/novel in British literature.
You can see many different themes throughout the story whether it’s “fear” or it “hopelessness.”
This does differentiate from World Literature with the different types of form and especially the
settings. Britain Literature’s setting has to do with their history and their culture, as the
World deals with theirs. Without these authors British Literature could not be as big as it is
today. It is taught all throughout the world and has had many top selling books. Whether they are
as old as Beowulf or as new as the smash series Harry Potter.




Works Cited

Austen, Jane. “Sense and Sensibility”. Dutton 1908
--. “A Vindication of the rights of Man.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005.
Chaucer, Geoffrey. “The nun’s priest Tale. Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “The Canterbury Tales.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
Coleridge, Samuel. “Kubla Khan.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “The rime of the Ancient Mariner.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
Donne, John. “Valediction: forbidding mourning.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “ Valediction: forbidding mourning.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
Housman, A. E.. “When I was One-and-Twenty.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “When I was One-and-Twenty.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
Keats, John. “ When I Have Fears.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “When I Have Fears.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
Lessing. Doris. “No Witchcraft For Sale.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “The Golden Notebook.” Perrennia Classic 1999
Malory, Sir Thomas. “Sir Tristram and the Fair Iseult.” Packet
--. “Sir Tristram and the Fair Iseult.” Packet
Orwell, George. “1984.” Signet Classics July 1950
--. “1984.” Signet Classics July 1950.
Pope, Alexander. “Essay on Man.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “The Rape of the Lock.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
Shelley, Mary. “Frankenstein.” Frankenstein December 1963
--. “ Introduction to Frankenstein.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
Woolf, Virginia. “The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition
2005
--. “Mrs. Dalloway.” Oxford’s Classics 2000
Wordsworth, William. “Tintern Abbey.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005
--. “Tintern Abbey.” Prentice Hall: The British Tradition 2005