English 10: Writing Portfolio

 

Catholic Memorial High School

 

2007-2008

   
   
   
   
   
Research  
   
Creative Writing  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  The word "success" was created about 600 years ago. Over the course of time the word has
come to mean a level of social status or achievement of an object or goal. Decades ago my
grandfather started a furniture buisness. Unitil 1945, Japan brutally and maliciously conquered
Korea. My grandfather had to overcome many difficulties in oreder to achieve "sucess". He
was not only financially successful but sought to incorporate oter meanings of "success"
in to his lilfe. After further exploration of the word, the perception of "success" is
different from person to person, however it originates from status and achievements.

One can have a different perspective from others when a word is given. In the survey of the word
"success" 60 percent claimed that money and fame were the key elemetns to
"success". One of my friends Joe first thought about Bill Gates when he heard about the
word. Bill Gates who is admired by almost everyone in the world is an exemplary of
"success" for his outstanding accomplishment. 20 percent of the interviewees agreed that
great education is essential to being successful. David said "when I first think of the word
success I think of going to the university that I desire to." Education prepares one for the
future by giving him or her skills and knowledge that is necessary. Anoter 20 percent of the
respondents stated that happiness is the most important part of "success". Se-Bin said
"the way to reach success is happiness." Without happiness, money does not mean anything.
The various responses when given a word can result from one's point of view.

The word "success" has a long history, commonly being used during the 16th century. Over
the course of 5 centuries since the word "success" came to mean many things. The common
definition of the word "success" is "the prosperous achievement of something
attempted" from the OED dictionary. In my opinion the word means the achievement of what one
values. There are many people in the world; each one has a different understanding of the word. The
unique definition of the word "success" is an event. The word used to describe an event of
history, wars, and adventures. While many people think about the word "success" as an
abstract idea or concept, this definition tell us about a particular situation. Since the word has
traveled for a long time, there are many definitions which are similar but there is always a
prominent meaning which sets it apart from others.

Since "success" is a universal concept, many renowned authors have used this word. From
seeking the usage of the word from the famous writers, one could come to a great understanding. In
the play of All's Well That Ends Well, William Shakespeare writes "I know not what the
success wil be my Lord, but the attempt I vow." THis quotation is significant because
Shakespeare is trying to say that one of the characters in this play will try his best to achieve
"success" despite the difficulties that he has to endure. In Henry, IV, another well known
drama, Shakespeare writes "And so, success of Mischief shall be borne, And Heire shall hold
this Quarrel vp". The quotation refers to the passing on of the crown which was essential
during that period of time. Even when I menitioned the same author, there were different
applications for the word.

The word "success" has evoloved since Shakespeare. Now journalists use the word
"success" to analyze the current political and social climate in a particular area. In
article from London Times the authors use of "success" measures how Dubai is using its oil
revenues to initiate positive political change. "Rulers are aware that the wealth is spread
unevenly and that a generous helping of middle calss aspiration and job creation can cool the
hotbeds of ex-tremism. The absence of terror in the Gulf's Westernised oases is critical to
their success."(LT, 10/29/07). In this instance "success" is not directly financail.
Rather "success" is used to show how the economy of Dubai can eradicate poverty thus
allowing them to overcome the dangers of political extremisim. In another article from BBC,
"success" illustrates how alternative energies are used to combat the dangers of global
warming. "It could soon be all system go for the world's first offshore tidal energy
turbine. A trial off the NOrth Devon coast has been such a success, that plans are being made to
link to the National Grid."(BBC, 03/08/2005). This author uses the word "success" to
demonstrate the achievement of an energy source independent of oil. The two articles employ
"success" to measure political change and industrial achievement.

Not only a great writer like Shakespeare used the word "success", also people of my
generation commonly use it. When I asked foreign language speakers about their thought of grasping
the word "success", 40 percent claimed that it was difficult and 60 percent state that it
was easy to understand. One of my friends, James, said that the word "success" was hard to
pronounce because it contained two c's and s's. For the foreign language speaker it is
hard to annunciate the word which has double consonant. On the other hand Owen claimed that "it
was easy to master the word success because it is something that I want to accomplish."
Furthermore Peter stated that "it was not challenging to assimilate the word because I knew the
true definition of the word success in Korean." There are many ways to incorporate the word
"success" easily such as being motivated and understand the word in a different language.
From questioning other foreign language speakers, I was able to enhance my knowledge of this word.

From my various research of "success", I wonder how one could live without this word.
There is no one in the world who does not want to be successful. However the individual's
definition of "success" can not be found in one particular instance. It is the balance of
one's desire to achieve "success" and the perception of what "success"
actually is that defines the true meaning of "success".
   
   
   
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Dear Mr Shakespeare


I had the pleasure of being entertained by wonderful works such as Beowulf, Canterbury Tales, King
Arthur, Sir Gawain and the green night, as well as yours. It would be unfair for anyone to remove
any of these fine works. Unfortunately, I have to bear the burden of making such a difficult
decision. I would like to offer my sincere apology for excluding your sonnets from The British
Tradition. Your sonnets are great examples of iambic pentameter, the sextet, and the octet. The
rhythm illuminates how the structure of poetry should be composed. However there were three factors
I considered when excluding your works. First, your sonnets demonstrates unhealthy obsession of
love. Second, your sonnets reflect very personal and tragic events in your life, too depressing for
our audience to appreciate. Finally many of your sonnets are inconsistent in maintaining iambic
pentameter.


First, your sonnets are concentrating too much on the love of dark lady. Love is sentimental and
excessive love hinders one from working efficiently. In your sonnet 29 you said that “Haply I think
on thee, and then my state, like to the lark at break of day arising” which illustrates that you are
thinking of dark lady in order to eradicate the unwanted feelings that you possess. Also in your
sonnet 29 you stated “For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings that then I scorn to change
my state with kings.” This line tells us that the love between you and the lady is so powerful that
you would not change your place even with kings. However, love can blind anybody to obscure the
ability to make the right decision and paralyze one from doing even the simplest activity of life.

We are living in a world where there is a great deal of tragedy. Even if there cannot always be
contentment, we want to focus more on subjects that are less personal and generally more optimistic.
However in your sonnets you convey your hatred, fear, and sadness. For example you said “When in
disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes, I all alone beweep my outcast state, and trouble deaf heaven
with my bootless cries, and look upon myself and curse my fate.” These lines communicate the deep
personal tragedy in your life. On the other hand your play Macbeth is also tragic. We want to avoid
your personal opinions on jealousy and greed. For example in the line “Wishing me like to one more
rich in hope, Featured like him, like him with friends possessed.” This line gives us thought that
you want to be as similar as him; to become rich, and to possess friends like him. Although some
people could be happier than others we do not want to be that exact person. Writing is a powerful
tool to console others who are in depression and sorrow. We want those ideas to be portrayed through
fictional stories rather than personal reflection.


Finally the justifications for omitting your sonnets are in the grammatical errors. For example as
you know, even syllables are supposed to be accented more than the odd. In your Sonnet 116 in the
first line “Let me not to the marriage of true minds” you have accented “not” more than “me.” Also
there were some mistakes in the number of syllables. In Sonnet 130 the first line “My mistress’ eyes
are nothing like the sun” the word mistress’ should be 2 syllables instead of three. Also in Sonnet
29, in the line “For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings” there are 11 syllables. Steele
agreed and said that if we were to rephrase the line according to this pursing, we would have “I
think that my love is as rare as any woman (substituting the noun Booth Claims “she” replaces belied
by false compare.” Your lines are plagued with inconsistent grammatical errors.


I sincerely apologize again for not being able to publish your fine work this year. I am confident
that your work will be published in the next edition of The British Tradition. The next edition will
focus more on poetry of which your work would be featured. Please continue to allow us the pleasure
of reading your fine works.
Sincerely Sungeun Park

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The word archery means the practice of using a bow to shoot arrows. According to the Old English
Dictionary the word originated around the 14th century, which was first used as archerie for several
centuries, and finally became archery. The Archery Library claims that the discovery of the first
stone arrowheads in Africa indicates that the bow and arrow were invented there around 50,000 BC.
However the library also states that in England archery was first used near the year 633 when the
son of Edwin, king of Northumbria was killed by an arrow. Today, archery is still practiced around
the world. As an Olympic sport, on and off since 1900 according to centenary archers, archery has
grown in popularity over the years. In England archery does not seem to be the most favorable sport
because of many other competitive spots such as soccer, tennis, cricket, and rugby. Although the
technology has advanced the equipment and the rules have changed somewhat over the years, the sport
of archery has been essentially the same. Archery has an impact on British culture and it is seen in
its history as a weapon or tool, archery in sports and influence in British literature.

The ancestors of England used the bow for a double purpose: the archery library says in the time of
war it was a horrendous weapon of offence; and in time of peace it was mainly used for enjoyment
which allowed people to hunt and gather food. The inhabitants of Britain were not acquainted with
the bow until the Norman invasion. One could see the tremendous power of bow in the battle of
Hastings when the duke of Harold was killed by an arrow. Ultimately this event led Duke of William
to gain the crown of England. The loss of the war inspired the British people, which they
painstakingly practiced the bow in the fear that there might be another defeat. The history of
archery in Britain developed in modern times into competitive sport. Over time the sport has created
innovative rules for archery competitions. In Britain according to the International Archery
Federation, FITA during the competition after the competitors are ranked, the number one player
plays the number 64th. This sequence continues until there are eight archers remaining. Competitors
are now shooting four ends of three arrows, which work until there are two players left. Also there
is a limit on the weight of the bow. The maximum bow weight is 80 Lbs for men and 60 lbs for women
and juniors. There is another rule in women’s target distance. The history of archery in Britain has
a profound impact on the creation of the rules in competitions.

As this sport has been around for many years, it was inevitable for different organizations to come
to an establishment in order to prevent this sport to gain such popularity. The Diving Brit reported
on Naomi Folkard, an amature player, who represented Great Britain at the2004 summer Olympic Games.
She placed 17th in the women's individual ranking round with a 72-arrow score of 638. She said
in the interview with the BBC: “I said before I came that I would be really over the moon with a top
ten finish and I definitely wanted to be in the top 20… It was a nice surprise when I saw the course
yesterday, as I like running on hills”. This told us how proud and confident she was after the
match. There are some amateur clubs and associations such as Neath Archers, Pentref Bowmen, South
Bucks Archers, and Green Hollow Bowmen. According to the Neath Archers, Neath Archers was founded in
1970 and since the beginning has flourished, this organization was created with around eighty
archers. Surprisingly there was also an organization named British Blind Archers. The British Blind
Sports Archery Section Formed in the Early 1970s. This organization gave hope and joy for those who
were suffering from blindness. One could see the development of archery through amateur players and
organizations.

Also there were professional organization such as The British Longbow Society, Grand National
Archery Society, and English Field National Society. Askarts states that The British Longbow society
was formed in 1951; when the longbow was about to vanish from the shooting line. This Society
currently has approximately 2000 members in Great Britain and worldwide. Simon Terry one of the
British Olympic players won bronze medals in 1992 both at individuals and team events. Simon said in
the interview with the Times On Line: “Although I was a keen archer as a student, and shot - fairly
badly - for my university, I worked painstakingly to achieve my position in the present.” This tells
us that effort is the key element to success. Olympics and the Fita organizations are the largest
organizations. The main difference is that the number of participants in Fita World Championships is
higher. These organizations tell us that through this sport, Britain was successful in gathering
people who have the same interest.

Archery’s presence in the sport’s news indicates that it is still an integral part of British
culture. The competitions in the world such as Olympics and Fieta allowed archery to occur in the
news. The main issue according to UK Sports news was about Godfrey, a professional player on the
Olympic team who almost made two medals for the British but unfortunately failed. After the loss of
a tough game he said “I am a bit disappointed but I shot my arrows well and that’s all I can ask.
All I expect from myself is to give 100 per cent.”(Mirror) This tells us how ardently he has
performed in the competition. Interestingly there was an issue about Archery Tradition Association
in Britain will give approxiamtely $225000 to promote youth archery. This indicates that many young
people are not interested in archery and this assosiation are trying to influence young people to
play this sport. This money will affect young people to play and it will allow accretion in
popularity. Also in the Telegraph Charlotte Burgress, 17 year old archery was mentioned. The news
said that she was the future of archery and she amazed everybody when she took former world number 1
Williamson. Her teahcer, William was always impressed by her talent and said “I knew that she was
capable of producing such a performance, but none of us thought she would be able to do it so
quickly.” This tells us that people who are young and talented are the future of the development of
this sport. Since many people enjoy reading newspaer it was facile to spread important articles
about archery thorugh newspaper.

As the sport gained popularity, archery appeared in British literature. Lord of the Rings, one of
the most renowned books in Britain tells us the importance of using the bow. Legolas, one of the
protagonist in the story and also skilled in archery plays an important role, killing many enemies
with his bow. “I saw Legolas in The Lord of the Rings and loved the way he used his bow,” Stefan
Brewster, a ten-year-old who has recently joined the club, said. This book allowed people to regain
the importance and ecstatic of using the bow. However, Robin Hood is the most famous literature for
archery. Robin Hood, written about first by William Langland’s, Piers Plowman, in 14th century gave
the most significant proof of his great skill in the use of the long bow. The most particular
account of this hero and his companions is found in Johannes Major. It is said that “This man (saith
he,) descended of a noble parentage, or rather beyng of a base stoeke and linage, was, for his
manhoode and chivalry, advanced to the dignitie of an earl; excellyng principally in archery or
shooting.” It also contains a poem which indicates the significance of archery. Robin Hood said
"But give me my bent bow in my hand, And abroad arrow I'll let flee; And where this arrow
is taken up, There shall my grave digg'd be.” This poem tells us how Robin valued his bow and
conveys that when his arrows run out, he would pass away. The importance of archery appears in
literature through books and poetry.

Archery influenced British in various ways; as a weapon for protection, amatuer and professional
players in organizations, reading articles in the sport news and the affect in British literature
such as in books and poetry. Olympic games and other popular games prevent archery from vanishing.
However the popularity of archery would not match the magnitude of basketball, baseball, or soccer
but it would still remain as a sport that would be appreciatied by many people.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
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Literature is beautiful in that its development is perpetual. There are many great authors all
around the world and their works reveal aspects of society and peoples lives. There are many
renowned British authors, such as Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, and Jane Austen whom are significant
to British literature. One can see a variety of periods among thirteen authors that I have invited:
Jane Austen, Virginia Wolf, George Orwell, A.E Houseman, Doris Lessing, Dickens, Shakespeare,
Milton, Alexander Pope, Wordsworth, John Keats, ST Coleridge, and Marry Shelley. Each of these
authors is significant for their work which affected their society or the world. At the time of
Shakespeare, the printing press was not as sophisticated as in the present. Since the time of
Shakespeare the printing press became a highly developed instrument for producing literature on a
massive scale. William Shakespeare was born in 1564; earliest among these authors and Doris Lessing,
who is presently still alive. In British literature, prose and poetry are written by countless
writers. Initially, literature-both prose and poetry- has had a similar thematic approach, often
involving subjects such as gods, superstitions, and heroes; however, as the time goes on, the focus
of British literature shifts to the more quotidian aspects of a person’s life. The thirteen authors’
uses of five literary devices - resolution, form, theme, settings, and gender - are vital in
explaining the major elements and themes of each of their works.

Foreshadowing creates resolution, presenting an indication or a suggestion beforehand. Shakespeare
for one, uses foreshadowing to engage the audience: “Lesser than Macbeth, and greater. Not so happy,
yet much happier. Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none. So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!.”(pg
306) Other authors acknowledge the fact that the witches predict the fate of Macbeth. Unlike
Shakespeare, Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein, uses foreshadowing to keep her audience in
suspense, she takes Shakespeare’s place and claims, “I will be with you on your
wedding-night.”(p179) This quotation foreshadows the death of Elizabeth in the wedding day due to
the appearance of Frankenstein, who is avenging the denial of his request for a partner from Victor.
A critic of Shelley’s novel, William I. Lengeman III , the author of Saveur, stated “Frankenstein
uses the knowledge to create a quasi-human being. Milton also employs foreshadowing as a moral
instrument, as if he is saying that Frankenstein has yet to learn from Lucifer. He says “of man’s
first disobedience, and the fruit of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste brought death into the
world and all our woe.”(p469) Milton is suggesting that Frankenstein, like Adam and Eve is
disobeying their master. Coleridge uses foreshadowing as an admonition and says “With my crossbow I
shot the Albatross.”(p690) The death of the albatross is symbolic of an ominous future. Marry
Shelley foreshadows from the time of Prometheus, to the time of Frankenstein God punishes his
creature when it is necessary. She says “A critic of Milton’s epic poem, Merrit Y.Huges says “The
problem of justification is rendered acute by the difficulty of imagining of deity who is at once
omnipotent, and absolutely good, yet who at the same time inflicts what appear to be
disproportionate, savage, and gratuitous punishment.” This foreshadows the inconsistency in the
Christian doctrine. Foreshadowing is a powerful tool used by many authors to built suspense and
engage the reader or audience.

Allegory helps to establish form, a clever literary device that authors use to demonstrate the
symbolic meaning of their work. In his book 1984, Orwell uses allegory to simplify for the reader an
otherwise almost unimaginable world, where “Reality exists in the human mind, and nowhere
else.”(p134) He means that decisions and ideas cannot be controlled by a group of people. Tim
Gronlough, a critic of Orwell’s novel, says “George Orwell explores the concept of language's
great power in the dystopian fiction 1984.” Allegory helps to demonstrate the failure of state
control in the future. Also the Centennial Edition claims that “1984 is still the great modern
classic of negative utopia-a startlingly original and haunting novel that creates an imaginary world
that is completely convincing, from the first sentence to the last four words.” This statement tells
us about the “negative utopia” which Orwell creates that he thinks that will occur at the year1984.
In When I Was One-and Twenty, AE Houseman writes “Give crowns, pounds and guineas But not your heart
away.”(p934; line 4-5) This quotation tells us that one should forget about honor, money, and fame
but keep his true mind. Houseman conveys us the message of the importance of humbleness, and
integrity. In On First Looking Into Chapman’s Homer, Keats writes “Till I heard Chapman speak out
loud and bold: Then felt I like some watcher of the skies.”(p746; Line8-9) Keats was strongly
influenced by Chapman that when he read about Homer, he felt as if he had read the book for the fist
time. Homer’s unique interpretation of the story inspired the great poet. On the other hand, Milton
says “Know then thyself, presume not God to scan; the proper study of mankind is man.” Unlike
Orwell, where the government is the object of control, in Milton’s Paradise Lost, God is the one who
is constantly observing. Marry uses allegory purely as an educational tool, incorporating the
lessons of Prometheus with the dawning of the scientific age. She writes “the die is cast; I have
consented to return if we are not destroyed. Thus are my hopes blasted by cowardice and indecision”
Allegory is used as a reflection of the change in society and culture. McLane, a critic from the
English Literature History, reinforces the idea that Frankenstein is an allegory about the French
Revolution, stating, “The monster is a rupture, a 'most astonishing thing' not unlike
Burke's French Revolution. All critics agree with Victor that the monster is a problem.”
Allegory is a powerful tool authors employ to critique the age in which they live.

Satire establishes certain themes in literature, a useful device that many authors use to mock
society or environment in a sarcastic way. Dickens for one uses satire in his Hard Times. He writes
“Sissy Jupe sir.” Charles Dickens uses satire through a character’s name to reflect the theme of his
book. We find this device in his character, Mr Choakumchild. Just by reading the characters name,
Dickens succeeds in entertaining the reader. Alexander Pope often uses this sophisticated device in
his works. He created a mock epic, Rape of the Lock, which is a humorous narrative poem that treats
a trivial subject in the elevated style of a true epic. He says “This lock, the Muse shall
consecrate to fame, and midst the stars inscribe Belinda’s name.”(p542) The editor of The British
Tradition claims that “One member, Thomas Parnell, humorously objected that Pope had stolen a
passage from an old manuscript.” This quotation tells us that satire exists even in critiques or
reviews of his book. Pope conveys to us the message of how this lock will be remembered by many gods
for just a lost of her hair. John Milton’s use of satire differs from other authors, he conveys to
us a new perspective of Satan which no one else had conceived. Satire is formed through this
innovative idea. In Paradise Lost Satan says “To reign is worth ambition though in Hell: Better to
reign in Hell than serve in Heaver.” Through Satan, Milton asserts that it is better to be in charge
in unfavorable circumstances rather than to serve in favorable circumstances. I think the gravity of
this sanguine statement leads to imagining Satan, renowned for his maliciousness as a notorious
angel who was kicked out of heaven by disobeying God, as the one who is favored by a great author
like Milton. Even if some authors share the use of a literary device, there are always masters like
Milton, who innovatively reemploy a new use for a traditional concept of satire.

Setting helps the reader understand the themes, and other literary devices which give greater
perspective about what the author is conveying to us. The eponymous title in Orwell’s 1984, tells us
the importance of setting in this book. He says “this was London, chief city of Airstrip One, itself
the third most populous of the provinces of Oceania.” This tells us that the story is based on the
future of London. Even if the setting is based on the future, Orwell uses the physical
characteristics of London to mirror the inequities of the totalitarian government. Orwell’s
shrewdness is demonstrated through his ability to alter the setting by moving the time to the
future. He writes “whether London had always been quite like this,” which clearly shows that he is
not aware of the present, emphasizing the change in time. He also says “that this was 1984,” (page
7) also indicating that the time has changed and he is uncertain about the present. Orwell wrote the
book in 1949 and the use of the future as a setting is a device to comment on where he believes the
future of England is going. Kathleen Fitzpatrick, an author and doctoral candidate at New York
University says “Critics generally agree that the hero of the novel, Winston Smith, may be
recognized by his name as related to both the great British statesman and World War II leader
Winston Churchill and a non-descript Everyman.” This statement is important because Orwell chose his
main character Winston from Winston Churchill, hero of World War II. Orwell wrote 1984, after the
war which influenced him to use Winston as the protagonist of this book. In Shakespeare’s Macbeth,
the setting is dreary, and mystical. At the beginning of the play, there is thunder, lightning and
witches discoursing “When shall we three meet again? In thunder, lightening, or in rain.” This
implies that the setting plays an important part in between characters, deciding where they should
meet again. This meeting is significant because it changes a loyal man to a murderer. This tells us
that Shakespeare viewed setting as an essential part of the story, here the tumultuous setting
conveys Macbeth’s fear of the unknown. The competitive market of drama in London influenced
Shakespeare to sharpen his dramaturgical skills. However Dickens and Shelley use setting focusing as
a birth place. Dickens is also renowned for his use of setting, particularly in Oliver Twist.
Dickens uses the buildings in London to create an inner world of crime. Lon He says “there is one
anciently common to most towns, great or small: to wit, a workhouse; and in this workhouse was
born.” This indicates the birth of Oliver and his status. He also says “The room in which the boys
were fed, was a large stone hall, with a copper at one end.” Dickens is trying to give some
perspective on what life was like in the orphanage, in this case hard and painstaking. Having Oliver
as an orphan in an orphanage, Dickens shows that one can come from the lowest social status and
still succeed. Setting plays an essential part in Shelley’s Frankenstein. In the beginning of the
book it is said that “I am by birth a Genevese” which tells us that Victor views his home as an
important part of his life. Also Victor says “London was our present point of rest” which tells us
that Victor came to London for the monster’s demand to create a female mate. The move from Geneva to
London is significant because he does not want his family to know about what is going on and he
needs more resources. But more importantly, the move to London suggests that the author is
commenting on the general perception that technology and industry are solutions to all problems.
London was the central city that many authors used for their literature. Setting plays a vital part
in many books, helping the reader to comprehend the story with easiness.

Gender is significant, as these authors advocate for the better status of women and for those who
are not equally treated by others. Women are no longer used as secondary or passive characters but
rather become primary characters in British literature. The authors use gender as a tool to help
elevate the magnitude of women’s role in society. In Pride and Prejudice it is said that “It is a
truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want
of a wife.”(p43) This tells the reader that in order for a man to achieve fortune and success, he
must have a wife. However, women also have to have certain say in the process of marriage. They are
not possessions but people with feelings and emotions that normal society often failed to consider.
In A Room of One’s Own Virginia Wolf asserts “For we think back through our mothers if we are women.
It is useless to go to the great men writers for help, however much one may go to them for
pleasure.”(p132) Clearly, Virginia Wolf is promoting the role of woman in the literary world to be
on par with the likes of Shakespeare and other great authors. This quotation gave hope to women to
have the confidence to compete with men. In A Woman On A Roof, by Doris Lessing, the character Henry
asks Stanley “What about your missus?”(p79) The sexism in this quote is evident as Stanley refuses
to refer to his wife by her first name because she is her property and even Henry must refer to her
in this way. In Frankenstein, Marry writes “'I am alone and miserable: man will not associate
with me; but one as deformed and horrible as myself would not deny herself to me. My companion must
be of the same species and have the same defects. This being you must create.” Koh Tsin Yen, the
poet said “However, Jane Austen's depiction of Charlotte's contentment and
Elizabeth's tribute to Charlotte's management of her house and marriage, that it was all
done very well suggests a respect for Charlotte in following her own principles.” This critique
demonstrates Austen’s success at creating an independent minded and strong willed woman. Instead of
adhering to traditional roles, the authors and characters above help clear the new path for women in
literature.

Through the literary devices mentioned above, British authors have successfully created new
dimensions which have amplified the boundaries of British literature. The different use of
resolution, form, theme, settings, and gender helps the reader to understand the profound meaning of
British literature. Through the skillful employment of foreshadowing and allegory, British authors
successfully endeavored to edify various forms of human institutions like religion or government.
Furthermore, the use of satire, setting, and gender, British authors redressed issues of justice and
inequality. Without the courage to be pathfinders, to challenge the establishment, to change
tradition, and to use innovative techniques, British literature would have remained just as stagnant
as the unjust establishment.

Works Cited


Shakespeare, William. “Macbeth.” New York Penguin Classics; page 15

Shelley, Mary. “Frankenstein.” Bantam classic; page 179

George, Orwell “1984” Signet Classic; page 7, 134 Milton,

John. “Paradise Lost.” Prentice Hall Literature Timeless Voices,Timeless Themes: The British
Tradition. Kate Kinsella. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. page 469

Coleridge, Samuel. “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” Prentice Hall Literature Timeless
Voices,Timeless Themes: The British Tradition. Kate Kinsella. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson
Prentice Hall, 2005. page 702

Keats, John. “On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer” Prentice Hall Literature Timeless
Voices,Timeless Themes: The British Tradition. Kate Kinsella . Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson
Prentice Hall, 2005. page 749 line 8-9

Dickens, Charles. “Hard Times.” Penguin Classics; page 17

Woolf, Virginia. “In a Room of One’s own” Dover Publications page 132

Houseman, AE. “When I was One and Twenty” Prentice Hall Timeless Voices,Timeless Themes: The British
Tradition. Kate Kinsella. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. page746; Line8-9

Austen, Jane. “Pride and Prejudiced” Grand Central page 43

Lessing, Doris. “A Woman On A Roof” Bantam Classic page 79

Pope, Alexander. “Rape of the Lock” Prentice Hall Literature Timeless Voices,Timeless Themes: The
British Tradition. Kate Kinsella. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. page 542

Fromm Erich Centennial Edition New York: Penguin Group, 1977.

Merrit Y.Huges. The truth Book Magazine. January-Febuary 2006: 192.

William I. Lengeman III. The author of Saveur, freelance journalist, and book reviewer.

Koh Tsin Yen, the poet of Fundamental Stress, Never the Less, Moving On, and etc.

Kathleen Fitzpatrick. Author and doctoral candidate at New York University.

McLane. A critic from the English Literature History.