English 10: Writing Portfolio

 

Catholic Memorial High School

 

2007-2008

   
   
   
   
   
Research  
   
Creative Writing  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  Etiquette was the word most people talked about when they heard the names of British people
because they thought they were so great, Godly, and perfect. "Etiquette, a word derived from
the French was first used "estiquet" which meant, "a ticket that denotes a
soldier's billet." Many people would think that the word "etiquette" meant
"A good manner of behavior normally observed at a dinner table," but in actuality it at
first, "a prescribed ceremonial of a court; the formalities required by usage in diplomatic
intercourse." "Etiquette" has helped the growth of the English language because it
has created a passage to other words. This word was used the most in English history during the
invention of the toilet by Thomas Crapper.


The many people I asked about the word "etiquette" presented many different, but
good-quality answers. Two of the people I asked namely, Liam Concanon and Ritchie Weingert responded
as follows, "A proper form of action or speech." While in a sentence their answers were
very similar as they responded, "The Englishman used proper etiquette at the dinner
table." While others like David DiBartolo said the first thing that came to his mind was
"class." In a sentence he said, "Etiquette should be displayed in public at all
times." While 70% responded the way David DiBartolo did, only about 30% responded the way Liam
and Ritchie answered.


Overtime the word "etiquette" has transformed different times into three different
languages which include English, Spanish, and French. The word has changed times from etquet, to
estiquet, to etichetta, to its first founding in a Spanish book in 1763. Of many unique entries to
the word there are, "The order of procedure in an army; the unwritten code of honor by which
members of certain professions are prohibited from doing certain things deemed likely to injure the
interests of their brethren, or to lower the dignity of the profession." One of the dead uses
of this word is, "a rule of etiquette” which were formerly guidelines set by Queen Marie
Antoinette. Also another definition is, “a collection of etiquetted books.” These were books from
various years that that were well bound and contained cards concerning the mourning of a person or
served as a notice. Many authors were well acquainted with this word during the 1700’s through the
very early 1900’s as an array of writers included this word in their various texts. The first of
many authors to encounter this word was known as James Chesterfield who was the fourth Earl of
Philip Stanhope. His use of the word came in 1750 when he sent a letter to his sons as he used the
word in this form, “The formalities required by usage in diplomatic intercourse.” The modern use of
the word today which we use as, “The conventional rules of personal behavior observed in the
intercourse of polite society” was first used in 1768 by Laurence Sterne in his book “The Beauty of
Sterne.” Another notable author who used this word was Mark Twain in 1881. “Etiquette” was used in
his letters to his publishers that year and also in his book “The Prince and The Pauper.”


Since the year 2000 “etiquette” has been more oftenly used in a newspaper column written by Bethann
Stewart in “The Idaho Statesman,” when she used the word while referring to proper bike riding
etiquette. Another recent usage of the word was when it was used in “The London Times” to show the
manner and behavior people should exhibit to the small living creatures of the earth, mainly the
ladybugs. The word has also been used in other newspapers like “The Irish Times,” “The Arizona
Daily,” and “The Detroit Free Press.” This word has shown to be a constant in the ever growing
English language and one that has become a very special word to use over the last one hundred
years.


The English language and specifically the word “etiquette” has been a hard word to define. The
various people I asked some questions on the word had a hard time defining the word. Those that I
asked were my Father and Mother who do not speak English as a first language, but a native Nigerian
language. My mother responded saying that it was a “type of behavior.” “Etiquette” I noticed gave
her much trouble because she did not respond right away. On the other hand, my father had the same
reaction as my mother did, but he still recognized the word like my mother. This shows that foreign
users of the word know its meaning, but still would probably never use the word in their everyday
lives.


“Etiquette” in the English language has shown to be a very unique word that is not always used in
this region of the world. While in places like England the word has been used more often. This word
will continue to be used in the language, but not on a daily basis.

   
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Dear Master Anonymous,


I am sorry to tell you that your book Sir Gawain and the Green Knight will not be added to our
array of books in this year’s edition of the Prentice Hall: English Literature Book. I know you will
not take this lightly and we are very sorry to leave you out. Some of your work in this book was
very inspiring as you portrayed to analyze your characters and really personify them, especially the
Green Knight and what type of person he is, as you did with all your characters. Still there were
things that I felt you included or added to your story which seem to be fictional at times. You
tended to make the Green Knight an exaggerated character due to the things that occurred especially
when his head was cut off by the axe wielded by Sir Gawain. A man like Sir Gawain swore under oath,
and to also be a man of chivalry, he would not actually be tempted to the point where he kisses
another woman beside his wife and almost sleep with another woman. A knight, especially of the
roundtable would never be involved in these various actions. Finally, Sir Gawain was not at all
righteous or brave like any other knight and did not tell the castellan the whole truth of what had
happened between him and the woman. These were the reasons why we had problems including you in our
in our book.


In some ways in your book the Green Knight portrays an immortal character because even after
getting his head chopped off he did not die, but ran off, out of Camelot. He not dying does not make
any sense which then turns the story into a mere book of fiction because he stood up and left. The
book says, “He rushed out of the hall door with his head in his hands” (stanza 20). In the text you
clearly state that his head after being beheaded rolled around the room as people tried to avoid it.
You write, “And people spurned it as it rolled around” (stanza 19). Mr. Richard J. Moll also agrees
with me on the concept of the Green Knight being beheaded and not facing the consequences of death.
Mr. Moll said, “The Green Knight’s characteristic of not dying seems to be too fictional for
readers. Since this did not seem too believable this was one of our reasons for rejection.


Sir Gawain the main character of the book does not seem to fit the role of a knight or a so called
man of chivalry. Being tempted three times and committing the same offence three times is very
unacceptable in a high ranking group of knights. Sir Gawain kissed her on three separate occasions
in stanzas fifty-two, sixty-one and seventy-two. The third time it says, “Then sighing, she stooped
and seem lily kissed him.” Even after he goes to church contemplating on the decisions that he made,
he returns to do the same thing over and over. Sir Gawain does not fit the role of a knight, but a
lover of women. The first time he saw her it says, “To squire that splendid dame, he strode through
the chancel.” His relations to the castellan’s wife were despicable to say the least because he does
not take the shape of an honest and just knight.


In terms of being righteous, brave, and keeping to his word, Sir Gawain was horrible at it. He is
not righteous because of his relations with the woman or brave because he was very scared upon going
to the Green Knight’s castle and could not keep his word with the castellan. You write, “From your
failure at the third, the tap you took arose.” Sir Gawain begins to possess all the attributes that
a good knight would never want to have. He not being able to finish his part of the deal showed very
much so signs of fear as he kept the girdle the woman gave him for protection over the Green Knight.
You write, “She presses the girdle upon him with potent words. Mr. Robert J. Blanch also shares the
same ideas that I do as he also said that Sir Gawain should not be pursued as a righteous person.
Mr. Blanch said, “Sir Gawain’s ignorance and penitential response to sin does not make him a
righteous person.


We express our deepest sorrows to you, Master Anonymous. We are also sorry for the inconvenience of
our budget and hope you can forgive us for the way that this situation has turned out. Hopefully
next year you will get in our edition of the English Literature book with another piece of your
great writings and we shall see if you can make the cut and get into the pages of Prentice Hall:
English Literature Book.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Squash was founded in the early 19th century when a group of racquetball players who discovered that
when a racquetball is punctured it has the ability to be hit in many varieties that differ. It was
originated in England in a private school called London’s Harrow School. By the end of the century
the sport was played in schools and universities like Oxford and Cambridge. The Britannica
encyclopedia says that squash became very popular in the late 19th century when kids who could not
afford to buy the equipment used India-rubber ball and it squashed when it hit the wall and that it
why the game is now called squash. In 1908 a squash sub-committee was formed within the Tennis and
Rackets Association which regulated the sport. The Oxford English Dictionary says in 1928 The
British Rackets Association was formed. Squash is actively played in over 150 countries around the
world says the Britannica encyclopedia and that the World Squash Federation (WSF) has tried to
incorporate squash as an Olympic sport, but they never come out successfully. In Britain the sport
is fashionable, but does not compare to the likes of football (soccer), rugby or cricket. Squash,
although it is almost only played in England and not the rest of the United Kingdom, is played in
former British territories like India and has also spread all throughout Europe, but on a lower
scale. Squash brings a mood that is experienced with golf and tennis in the United States as it is
not a sport where people hate each other and it does not have verbally abusive fans which start
rivalries between supporters or members of a different fan base. This leads to safer matches and
literature can be written about the sport because it is peaceful and a sport that requires much
technique. Squash brings a variety of characteristics which makes it a sport that the Englanders
have come to love because it is not a top sport in the country, but one that they can all relate
to.


Squash comes with a set of many peculiar rules and techniques which are used to manage the match.
According to a Telegraph article on how to play squash written by Richard Collins you start off a
match when the players spin a racket to see who controls the first serve and much like tennis, what
box they want to serve from. Another rule is that a ball can be struck off of any wall in the room
of which the server chooses. To win a match a competitor must win by a clear two points or else the
game will continue until that has been accomplished. Squash is seen as a complex sport to the
British as the players make use of many different skills and techniques to successfully deceive
their opponent to earn a point. Hitting the ball at an intermediate speed in squash can be one of
your best moves because it forces your opponent to move quicker and cover more ground which Richard
Collins states in the Telegraph newspaper.


James Willstrop has been one of the most talked about professional squash players in England as he
just recently one the ISS Canary Wharf Classic against Australian Cameron Pilley. He the world’s
number 11 according to the British Rackets Association beat the world’s number four as he said that
his mode of focusing was on the words of his Dad because he told him never to give up. So happy to
beat Pilley for the first time in four tries he jubilated with the crowd and was astonished by the
fact that he had finally put away with Pilley. James then continued his winning ways as he went on a
twelve match winning streak and one the final match for England to win the world team title in
Chennai, India. He said with great exhaustion, “This is one of the jolliest days of my life.” The
Telegraph as written says, Willstrop crawled up to world number three before he lost again.
Karen Kronemeyer the Dutch woman is an amateur squash player who has been banned from all forms of
competition for two years due to her inability to pass a drug test. Karen was one of the top amateur
players who traveled throughout England to begin her career defeated all those in her path by
demolishing them and did not lose a set for sixteen inconsecutive matches as an amateur, but due to
her failure of the drug tests she has been sent back to Holland as an embarrassment to her country.
She went 31-0 as an amateur player and she was caught right before turning pro, but due to mixtures
in the lab they could not identify who it was until just recently as the test specimen matched up
with the former one. This most likely has ended her squash career in England and this will open the
eyes of the lab testers stationed in England.


Many events in the squash world have been played around this time like the World British
Championships won by James Willstrop who is now the world’s number five as announced by the British
Rackets Association, the world team titles, and the Neptune’s Nationals which is played between
universities like Oxford and Cambridge even though people fail to realize that squash is alive and
going well in the country. In pop culture squash still has not emerged as the crowd favorite and
does not have any interesting sounds to listen two because it is not televised all the time due to
the hours that rugby and football take up, as they are the two most popular sports in the country.
Squash appears daily in newspapers across the globe, but seldom is there the discussing of the
sport in books. The most recent article on squash came from the Pakistani Press International on
March26, 2008 and also in the Press Trust of India which both talk about major losses by the top
players in the nation and the players were Bilal Zaman of Pakistan and Joshna Chinnapa of India. In
countries like England Squash is not always announced in the news as the latest recent article on
squash was written and talked about on March 18 in the “Telegraph.” Not many books talk about the
sport of squash, but in 2007 there was a book written about squash and the different aspects of the
sport. This book expressed the squash world and was written in 2007 by K. Lee Lerner and Brenda
Wilmoth Lerner as they explained the key features of the game and how to play squash.


Although many in England realize what the game of squash is, most of them probably think of squash
as a food and not a sport. Squash for the 200 plus years it has been around has not gained any more
popularity than it has in the past. In the long term era I think Squash will become more-or-less a
hobby and not a sport that ranks in the eyes of the British people. Other sports that squash is
contesting with has shoved squash into the background of theirselves and attendance has been really
bad as only 60% of the squash arenas are filled which has lead to debt for the sport which was
announced by the British Rackets Association.