English 10: Writing Portfolio

 

Catholic Memorial High School

 

2007-2008

   
   
   
   
   
Research  
   
Creative Writing  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  The word water was around before English was watered down by the French language. It is one of
English’s original words; it has been around in writing since 897 A.D. The word water’s spelling
has changed so much that it would be tough to count. This shows the change in the English language
over time as it would be changed due to the language roots that have come and gone through the
years. Other than Scandinavian most of the roots are from the French language, but there is some
roots from Latin, and Greek. French is important to the English language because it helped give the
English language diversity and growth. Especially Latin, because of the grow in popularity of the
Latin language during the Renaissance. The printing press also helped the English language because
it helped make the language more widespread and made it easier for more people to learn it. Since
water is essential in everyday life and is used by everyone, it really shows the growth of the
English language.

When most people think of water, they think of a river, a lake something in that nature, and from
the people I interviewed I came to that same conclusion. I asked my mother who said, “Water is a
compound that is made up of Oxygen and Hydrogen, it makes up 70% of our body.” This is a definition
of water’s chemical and scientific qualities which many of the people I interviewed gave. My friend
Mike gave this definition “Water makes up a lot of Earth, and it is essential to everyday life.”
While my friend Jon referred to the word water as, “A liquid that is clear and freezes at thirty two
degrees. This definition reflects on a physical definition of the word. While the demographic of the
surveyors is very concentrated, 80% of the people I surveyed referred to water as something that is
good. For example my grandmother referred to water as a liquid that nourishes and hydrates. While
20% of the people I interviewed referenced it as something that destroys, as a flood, hurricane or
other naturally occurring disaster. This goes all the way back to the Old Testament that references
water as a double edged sword that gives and takes life.

Water is easily, next to air, the most used substance in the world, so it doesn’t take a rocket
scientist to realize that a word this old would have many definitions. The Oxford English Dictionary
defines water as “the liquid of which seas, lakes, and rivers are composed, and which falls as rain
and issues from springs. When pure it is transparent, colourless, tasteless and inodorous.” This
describes the physical properties of water; it goes just in depth enough to explain what water is.
Some different definitions that I personally found interesting for example it is defined as “an
antagonist for water”. Some other interesting definitions are “contrasted with wine as inferior in
strength or pleasantness” and “the maritime tract controlled by one or more nations”. A slang term
for water that is extremely fascinating is referring to it as “to make a hole in the water” which
refers to someone committing suicide by drowning. Since this word has been around since 897 A.D. it
has many different definitions, but these are just some of the interesting ones.

Water is used everyday of our lives, not only is it necessary to our survival as humans we use it
to cleanse ourselves. So it is only common sense that every writer in the history of the World has
written the word in an article, poem or book. Being Americans we don’t care about the miniscule
authors, or the 4th graders who use it in their poems we barely care about, as Americans we like the
big authors that have actually made this World the way it is today. Shakespeare for example used
water in Macbeth by writing, “Goe get some water, And wash this filthie Witness from your hand”.
Charles Dickens use the word in the Pickwick Writers in this context, “Most welcome to ba-ath, sir.
It is long, very long Mr. Pickwick since you drank the waters”. Another famous writer who used the
word water was Alfred Lord Tennyson when he used it to write, “Deep inlay of braided blooms unmown,
which crept Adown to where the water slept.” Geoffrey Chaucer who is one of the most famous authors
of the English who helped form the English language also used the English language. He used water in
one of his writings by using as “If at he faught and hadde the hyer hond, By water he sente him hoom
to euryr land” Although one would probably need a translator to understand this, one could still
understand the word from reading the rest of the sentence. Of course these aren’t the only authors
who used water these are just the important ones.
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Dear Mr. William Shakespeare,
It brings me great sadness and great sorrow to inform you that Prentice Hall will be omitting your
work, Macbeth. We are omitting Macbeth on the grounds of some subjects we find to be unstable. Do
not get this wrong, we value many of your works, you are easily the greatest writer in English
history. We just find your work to be a little too controversial for our readers. We also believe
that there are some inconsistencies in your writing need to be fixed. One in particular would be the
character of Lady Macbeth, who we feel is unstable. We also feel you portray the Scots in a bad way
that should not be. We found there to be scenes in the play that also needed to be shown, instead of
being omitted from the play as a whole. And also, you portray marriage as being something that is
perverse and hateful between two partners and for that we cannot allow the play to be in our text.
The play Macbeth, we feel is too contradictory and for that we, in the interest of our readers, will
have no choice, but to omit the play from our textbooks. Again, we apologize and are deeply sorry
for this.


What we found to be very controversial was the way you, as a writer, portrayed the Scots. We as a
company feel you depict the Scottish people as being blood thirsty murderers. An example from the
text is, when Macbeth says, “For certain friends that are both his and mine, whose loves I may not
drop, but wail his fall who I myself struck down” This could offend our readers, especially those
who are Scottish in ancestry. Critic Julia Shields also says in response to the text of Macbeth,
“Many teachers have tried to shield young innocent minds from being polluted from the play.” In this
day and age of lawsuits, we just feel that Prentice Hall doesn’t need this right now. This subject
is too contentious for our company to take a risk on it. We just think that the Scottish people are
getting a rough stereotype against them. Another example from the text would be when Macbeth
gruesomely murders Duncan, which is treason. He then becomes a king, and the king represents the
people, so we believe by portraying Macbeth as a murderer, you are also portraying the Scottish
people of being them also. We personally enjoy reading this great tale, but we think it is too much
of a hot button issue for our text.


Our second reason for omitting would be some inconsistencies we found while reading the text. One,
as early mentioned, is the character of Lady Macbeth; we believe she is too confusing of a
character. An example of this is in Act II Scene II when she says to Macbeth, “My hands are of your
color, but I shame to wear a heart so white.” (p.326). And then she contradicts herself when she
says “You must leave this” (p.342) when she hears Macbeth’s plans to kill Banquo. It is almost like
she has two personalities in which she is urging Macbeth to kill, and then the next moment is trying
to make amends for his killing, and stop him from killing. One minute she is bloodthirsty, and the
next she is stricken with grief over those who Macbeth killed. Another character that I also found
to be unstable was Macbeth. At first, he is telling Lady Macbeth, “We will proceed no further in
this business”, and then he kills Duncan. (p.316) He is incoherent in the story, he goes from him
being a good man to this blood thirsty animal. It is almost like Lady Macbeth and Macbeth switch
characters. Critic Ian Johnson gives an example of how Macbeth goes on an inconsistent
transformation throughout the story when he says, “At the start of the play he is a very successful
and highly esteemed member of a social group, loaded with honours and enjoying every prospect of
further commendation. He has a loving wife and a secure home in his castle at Inverness….At the end
of the play Macbeth is totally alone. He has lost all his friends, he is universally despised, his
wife is dead, and all his most eager hopes have been disappointed.” I just do not think this is
realistic for any character to emotionally go through. Another inconsistency in my opinion is the
lack of emotion shown by characters such as Lady Macbeth and Macbeth himself. Or when Lady Macbeth
dies, Macbeth doesn’t show any real emotion, he just thinks to himself how slowly time will pass by
without her. As he thinks to himself, his first reaction is, “She should have died hereafter; There
would have been time for such a word” This is not how a man would act if his relatively young wife
had died. He acted almost as if he knew it was coming. Anyone would show either anger, or actually
cry if a loved one had just passed away. This we feel needs to be fixed so that our readers could
get a more accurate view into how Macbeth is feeling.


Our second to final reason that leads us to our decision was the omitting of what we feel were
critical scenes throughout the play. For example, Lady Macbeth’s suicide seemed to come from
nowhere, indeed she was sick, but you had no clue that it would come like this. Another example of a
critical scene omitted was the murder of Duncan. I believe the scene is a critical part of the
story, in fact the rest of the play hinges on it. Another question Shakespeare leaves us hanging on
is did Macbeth have an heir? A child was mentioned in the story, as Lady Macbeth said she would
“dash its brains out”. You obviously made a point to bring this child up in the text, but what was
the point if you never talked about him or her any further. One more scene I feel should not have
been cut out was the battle between Macbeth and Macduff. This battle rages on for some time and yet
you do not show the end. The next thing you see is Macduff walking in with Macbeth’s head and he
says, “Hail King! for so thou art: behold where Th’usurper’s head stands.”(p.387) That is like
watching a baseball game up to the ninth inning and then telling the fans who won. You are cutting
out the climax which we believe you owe your readers. This will just leave our readers disappointed
and unsatisfied, which we feel our readers do not deserve.


And our final reason is the portrayal of marriage throughout your play, you as a writer
portray the marriage between Macbeth and his wife as almost being loveless. An example of this is
when she says, “Art thou afeared to be the same in thine own act and valor as thou art in desire?
Which thou esteem’st the ornamental of life, and live a coward in thine own esteem” (p.316) If Lady
Macbeth isn’t calling Macbeth a woman, then she is showing him no compassion. We believe that
marriage is a beautiful, loving relationship between two equals, and yet you portray marriage as
almost evil. Lady Macbeth treats her husband with little, to no respect She basically mocks him,
saying is this the man I thought was brave and full of valor? She is profound that he is acting with
such cowardice and resistance. This is not the kind of loving relationship we want our readers to be
exposed to. And for that, we believe your play is not fit for our books.


I personally would like to apologize again for this embarrassing ordeal; we are just trying to
assure our readers with the best product possible. We just feel that these inconsistencies need to
be ironed out before we allow it into our book. Most of the problems we have had are with confusing
scenes we would like to avoid in our book. Do not get us wrong, we value many of your works and feel
you are a very good writer, we value your works like Julius Caesar, Hamlet and your Sonnets. We just
think Macbeth is too big of a hot button issue and we would like to steer away from that. I hope we
can continue to do business together in the future.


Sincerely,
T.J. Bryan, Editor of Prentice Hall Literature

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

People have been running long distances since ancient times, but the where did the word “marathon”
actually originate? According to World Book Encyclopedia, Marathon originates from the fifth
century B.C. from the Ancient Greeks during the Persian War. After the Greek victory at Marathon, a
messenger, Pheidippides, was sent to run back to Athens, a distance of 26.2 miles. They took the
city name of Marathon and kept the distance to recreate the run that took place thousands of years
ago. According to the OED, the first use of the word marathon referring to the sport was in 1891.
Major cities have adopted the competition, cities like Boston, New York and London. These sports
require endurance, strength, and to be in very good shape. It has grown in popularity and has shown
growth throughout the World. It has especially grown in England which is home to the London
Marathon. The growth in England shows that England is becoming more slowly paced, and they enjoy the
sports with history behind them. Marathons also show the lack of change in a country’s sports and
culture.


Runners in Britain join groups and run together in clubs and organizations. One organization in
England that is for marathon running is the Moston Road Runners who are based in Manchester,
England. They are a professional organizations based for holding races for runners throughout the
area. These groups are also used for social events and clubs, and that can be used for gathering
people together. Another professional group is Wimbledon Windmilers, a group based in London. An
example of an amateur group is Synergy Runners Club in London, who base on teaching runners good
techniques and experience through races. Another example of an amateur organization is York Acorn
Running Club which is a group welcoming new members and is based on teaching new runners the way of
the road. Without the organizations in England, runners would have a more difficult time running and
finding where and when to run.


The history of marathon running in England is unique, it is one that was built over the past
centuries, and each city has its own history. The reason why marathon running is so worldwide today
is because of England. When England was one of the super powers of the World, they spread the sport
all over the world in places like Africa, Asia and North America. That is one reason why Kenya is
infatuated with the sport. Each weekend a different marathon is run throughout the British Isles.
Marathon running as a sport popular all over the world, but it is just not popular in British
literature. This says that Britain just is not interested in reading about the sport of marathon
running. The lack of writings in Britain says more than Britain’s lack of love for the sport, but
also that British culture is going in a different direction, they are tending to be more attentive
to faster paced sports, which is also refers to their love for more entertaining almost Americanized
culture. This may not have as much of an effect on literature as say soccer, or maybe a sport like
cricket. Marathon running just does not match up to Britain’s culture like soccer does, through a
team sport and one that may apply to more fans than running does. Different sports apply to
different people. The one example I was able to find was a book written by British author,
Battista, who wrote, The Runner’s Literary Companion, which acts as a guide to runners.


An important factor of a sport’s growth in a country is its stars and the fanfare involved with a
following that star. One star professional runner in England is marathon runner, Liz Yelling,
Britain’s top women’s runner. Liz Yelling says in an interview, “I know I can run a sub 2.30. And I
know all my attempts have not been smooth. There has always been something slowing me down. I am
confident I can run a faster marathon, and I want to do it to prove it to myself more than
anything.” This shows that British athletes are constantly pushing for greater performances and
barriers that haven’t been broken in years, which shows that British culture is trying to push the
limits also. An amateur runner who is also the editor of the London Times, Rosie Milliard, who is
running the London Marathon, said, “This was meant to be a pastime. But marathon training rules my
life.” This quote tells the grueling preparation that goes into training for a marathon. This quote
tells that British people are very prepared and practice the needed amount for their field.
Marathon running in the media is hard to come by these days, but the marathon is popular in the
month of April. The London Marathon is run around the middle of April, during this time it is in the
media frequently. One example is the article written by Rosie Milliard of the London Times, who
describes the grueling process of training for a marathon. She goes on to explain the process and
what exactly goes into it. What I noticed was its lack of popularity outside the month of April.
There were few articles to be found even in April, let alone in the offseason. The lack of news in
media of marathon running shows that English culture does not find running exciting or marketable.
This may show that marathon running is not as popular as say soccer, or rugby in England. However
Kenya, once under British rule, loves the sport. The Daily Nation, Kenya’s largest newspaper has
several articles in one paper, due to the fact that it is their national sport.


This sport may apply to Kenya more, because of the fact that they enjoy it as a country. This shows
that even though one country is under another’s rule doesn’t mean that they are the same. Marathon
running in the movies however is a different story, a new movie starring british actor, Simon Pegg.
The movie is entitled Run Fat Boy Run and is about a man proving his love by running a marathon for
his fiancée.


The lack of growth of marathon running in England shows that England likes sports more fast paced
and with more fanfare, and the ability to watch the sport. The lack of publicity for marathon
running shows that England’s culture is more interested in things with more action, which tells that
they may be becoming interested in more Americanized sports and culture. This could be true from
looking at the growth in popularity in American sports in England such as football, basketball and
baseball. This shows that England may make an attempt in the future to become more like America both
in sports and culture. Their literature may revolve more around crime, and war like American novels
are today. Britain will continue to grow, and where they go from there is anyone’s guess.

   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the last 1000 years, no country has had a larger effect on Literature than England, England
has contributed such authors as Shakespeare, Tennyson and Dickens. To compare England to the rest of
the World is no easy task, but when comparing one must look at setting, format, resolutions, gender
and themes. These 5 components differentiate Britain’s literature from other cultures. Britain also
depends on form of writing, in which they write sonnets and other poetry with devices like iambic
pentameter, and rhyme schemes. Prose in Britain was often overshadowed in Britain by poetry which up
until Dickens’ age dominated English culture and literature. However, the literature in Britain is
now balanced and now prose and poetry writers. England has become more balanced and more for the
common man thanks to the five components used by all British writers.


Themes play a huge role in British literature; one theme that multiple authors used was
the theme of injustice. The theme is possibly the most important factor in a book because it
teaches a lesson. One writer who mastered the use of themes in his novels was Charles Dickens;
Dickens based his books often on the theme of lack of justice, especially lack of justice for the
poor. Although not all of his books are based around this theme, it is based on those who suffer and
yet he continues to give hope to these characters. One example of this is in Martin Chuzzlewit,
where he writes, “Charity begins at home, and justice begins next door.”(27). This quote explains a
lot of themes based around his book. Dickens illustrates a world where charity and justice are no
longer prevalent. Another example of justice in English Literature is from Shakespeare’s Macbeth,
who says, “Hail, king! For so thou art: behold, where stands. The usurper's cursed head: the
time is free”(Act V III 54-55) said by Macbeth’s Macduff. This scene shows the theme of justice as
Macduff avenges his families’ death. Tennyson, one of England’s most prestigious poets used justice
in his poem The Revenge: A Ballad Fleet wrote, “And the whole sea plunged and fell on the
shot-shattered navy of Spain, / And the little Revenge herself went down by the island
crags”(107-108) Tennyson used the ship to symbolize justice as England got its revenge against Spain
in the battle. Jane Austen also used the theme of lack of justice in her writing in keeping with the
trend of realism. In her work, Pride and Prejudice, she writes, “The power of doing anything with
quickness is always prized much by the possessor, and often without any attention to the
imperfection of the performance."(121) This calls for the government just to do something, and
for the citizens just to try to bring about change in England no matter how insignificant it may be.
Matt Arnold used the theme of consciousness to the faults in society, in which he wrote about his
poetry, “My poems represent, on the whole, the main movement of mind of the last quarter of a
century, and thus they will probably have their day as people become conscious to themselves of what
that movement of mind is….” (347) George Watson, a critic of Arnold,writes, “Oddly stiff and
graceless when we think of the elegance of later prose.” (147) The significance of justice as a
theme in England was used to show faults in England. Another author who used justice, or reform in
is works was George Orwell. Orwell used criticism against the British government in many of his
works.. For example, in his book Animal Farm, he calls for leadership in society, “Do not imagine,
comrades, that leadership is a pleasure. On the contrary, it is a deep and heavy
responsibility.”(66) Doris Lessing also spoke out against social intolerance and she once spoke
about her works, “All political movements are like this -- we are in the right, everyone else is in
the wrong. The people on our own side who disagree with us are heretics, and they start becoming
enemies.”(123) This quote speaks out against those who don’t believe in social rights like freedom
of speech, calling out for men and women to speak out against wrongs in society. When multiple
authors use justice as a theme, it usually means there is a problem in society with the way some
people are treated. These authors used their works to call for reform in society, and most of the
time it worked.


Gender is extremely important in British works; they often used gender to point out
problems in society and to put women in their place in society. One author that uses gender often
was Virginia Woolf, who especially used gender to point out faults in society. She writes,” Women
have served all these centuries as looking-glasses possessing the magic and delicious power of
reflecting the figure of a man at twice its natural size.”(43) She writes this in response to the
lack of women’s rights in England , and she, like many other authors called for reform in society.
For example, in one of her works, Orlando: A Biography, “Different though the sexes are, they
inter-mix. In every human being a vacillation from one sex to the other takes place, and often it is
only the clothes that keep the male or female likeness…”(98) Woolf calls for more rights for women
and that when one really looks at it, men and women are not so different. Another author who used
gender to put women in their place was Charles Dickens. In many of his works he uses women as merely
housewives that are only good enough to bear men’s children. For example in his work, Oliver Twist,
“The surgeon deposited it in her arms. She imprinted her cold white lips passionately on its
forehead; passed her hands over her face; gazed wildly round; shuddered; fell back--and died.” (4)
This is significant because it shows of how little importance women characters are to Dickens, he
kills off Oliver’s mother as soon as she gives birth to a son, showing that once she gives birth to
a boy her job is fulfilled. Another author who views women in one of his works as a possession is
George Orwell. In his work 1984 he objectifies one woman especially when his character Winston Smith
when he writes, “He hated her because she was young and pretty and sexless, because he wanted to go
to bed with her, and would never do so.”(17) Orwell in 1984 seems to only value women for their
sexuality and once they lose that sexuality they are useless and should be hated. Orwell portrayed
through this line a future that is sexless and loveless. Jane Austen also seemed to be more of a
traditional woman, who viewed women’s roles through the household and through their husbands. She
writes in her work, Pride and Prejudice, “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man
in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.”( 15) Austen describes women’s role in
society at the time, as saying when there is a rich man in society it is a woman’s role to marry him
and bear his children, which is a portrait of the World in the mid 1800’s, women were just getting
the rights the deserved. Austen was just getting to a time where a woman could be independent
without associating herself with a man. Doris Lessing also spoke out against women’s social
injustices; she too lived in a world where women were treated as inferiors to men. She spoke out
against a woman oppressed world when she writes, “You know, whenever women make imaginary female
kingdoms in literature, they are always very permissive…and easy and generous and self-indulgent,
like the relationships between women when there are no men around” (72). Lessing portrayed a world
of sorrow that women have to go through as men control everything. This is the female way of going
along when there are no men about or when men are not in the ascendant.” What she means from this is
that men can be brutal, and often do the things that are often not the most effective and efficient
way to do things. Critic Janet Witalec comments on Lessing’s work, “She (Lessing) uses an
enlightened portrayal of marriage and motherhood, her anti-apartheid stance, and her experimentation
with genre and form have made her an exciting and often controversial literary figure.”(23) Yet when
women are alone they can be themselves and they are kind to one another. Lessing was loved and
criticized for her down right honesty and courage in her writing. Like many English authors they
called for change, especially with female rights. Thanks to authors like Lessing, and Woolf women
were able to get the rights they deserve and now have.


Another important component of British literature is resolutions; and one important
resolution was reunions which the British first used to perfection. Many authors like to end the
stories with happy endings in which the protagonist lives and lives happily ever after. One example
of an author using this ending was J.K. Rowling, where Harry Potter, Ron and Hermione grow up, have
a family and live happily ever after, after Harry defeats Voldemort. This as banal, as it may be, is
a great way to end a children’s book. This excerpt ends the book in the most tawdry way possible.
J.R.R. Tolkien ends the Trilogy of the Lord of the Rings very similar. When the ring is destroyed it
brings about the downfall of Mordor. This brings peace to Middle Earth and it ends the story. Frodo,
Legolas, Aragon, Gimli and Gandalf all return home safely where they meet together in a reunion.
Lewis Carroll also ends his work, Alice in Wonderland, happily ever after, in which the protagonist,
Alice, escaped from Wonderland, safely. The story ends with her knowing she has the ability to
return to Wonderland due to her imagination which holds the key. Authors prefer this way to end
their books because it leaves their stories ending in a neat little package, leaving no questions.
Robert Louis Stevenson also uses this technique, when he writes, “The bar silver and the arms still
lie, for all that I know, where Flint buried them; and certainly they shall lie there for me. “(693)
Jim, Captain Smollett, and Ben all move on with their livesw and end up meeting one last time before
they never see eachother again. Stevenson used the complete ending in his work in order to leave no
questions unanswered. George Orwell on the other hand, is slightly different; he ends many of his
works leaving many questions unanswered. In the end of the book, 1984, Winston is tortured, and he
would rather subject Julia to the tortured rather than himself. The story ends with unresolved
feelings between Winston and Julia.Orwell references the Chestnut tree to show a place of
heartbreak, when he writes, “Under the spreading chestnut tree, I sold you and you sold me.”(293)
This ending is a very sorrowful way to end a heartbreaking book. Orwell’s other work, Animal Farm,
is also filled with sorrow, as all of the animals are brutally slaughtered. Critic Margaret Atwood,
writes of the brutal ending of Animal Farm, “To say that I was horrified by this book is an
understatement. The fate of the farm animals was so grim, the pigs so mean and mendacious and
treacherous, the sheep so stupid”(“The Guradian”). Orwell seems to have an underlying theme of his
books, shame and sorrow and that is revealed in these endings.


Next is form, which is arguably the most defining component of British literature and
poetry and one form is of rhyme scheme in order to reinforce harmony in the poem and in the World .
Each British poet used a different rhyme scheme that would work to improve the overall flow to the
poem. Shakespeare used the form of Shakespearean couplet in most of his poetry. In Shakespeare’s
Sonnet 106 he uses Shakespearean couplet in all, which he humbly named after himself. He uses this
rhyme scheme when he writes, “And for they looked but with divining eyes, / they had not skill
enough your worth to sing:/ For we which now behold these present days,/ Have eyes to wonder, but
lack tongues to prais.”(11-14). Tennyson also used couplets in his poetry, but especially in the
Captain. He writes, “He that only rules by terror./ Doeth grievous wrong. / Deep as hell I count
his error./ Let him hear my song.”(112) These lines provide a flow to the poem, that Tennyson was
known for using and established him as one of the most premiere poets in British history. Matt
Arnold also used couplets in many of his poems, like in his poem, The Voice, “As the kindling
glances,/ Queen-like and clear,/ Which the bright moon glances,/ From her tranquil sphere…”(1-4)
Many authors use this rhyme scheme because it adds a flow to the poem. It develops the rhythm in the
poem. Rhyme scheme was extremely important because it defines a poem it differentiates poems from
others. Britain ’s used rhyme scheme so much, Shakespeare created his own.


Setting is also a very important part of literature, one setting that occurs often is of
a mythical setting. J.K. Rowling uses this setting, in her Harry Potter books; she uses the setting
of Hogwarts, a magic school that Harry attends. Critic A.S. Byatt, comments on J.K. Rowling’s
writing, “Secondary world made up of intelligently patch worked derivative motifs from all sorts of
children's literature.” Lewis Carroll also uses a magical setting in her work, Alice in
Wonderland. Wonderland is an enchanted place filled with magic creatures that Alice wanders through
on her way back home. J.R.R Tolkien uses the setting of Mordor, a middle Earth land in his book the
Lord of the Rings that is filled with orcs, wizards, and elves. While, Robert Louis Stevenson uses
the setting of Treasure Island , a magical island that holds the key to the treasure. Many authors
use a magical setting, this could be due to the deterioration of London at the time, that they need
to provide a way to escape everyday life.


Authors of Britain use the 5 components in a way to define themselves and really
separate from other authors. Britain has produced the greatest pieces of literature over the last
400 years. They used elaborate plots, settings and other important components which separated them
from the rest of the world. They did this by developing their stories through the setting, themes,
format, gender and resolutions. Authors like Lessing, Dickens, Woolf and Arnold all called for
reform and through their works they were able to bring about change. These 5 components really speak
about the strict role of devices in British literature, and of them sticking to a pattern. Without
these authors things like women’s rights, politics and the government may not be the way they are
today. If British authors continue to use these 5 components they will continue to carry on the
British tradition and British writing will continue to be strong for many years to come.







Work Cited
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-- Orlando:A Biography. Oxfor’s World Classics. June 12, 2008. p. 43.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
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