English 10: Writing Portfolio

 

Catholic Memorial High School

 

2007-2008

   
   
   
   
   
Research  
   
Creative Writing  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  For 192 years the word baseball has been thrown around with many meanings. Baseball was first used
in 1815 by Jane Austen used in the sentence “It was not very wonderful that Catherine should prefer
baseball to books.” The common perception of the word baseball is that it is a game where two teams
compete to sore the most runs and the actual history, is that it is a game, a player, a field and
its common perception. The word baseball reflects English history because if baseball were not
created then America’s greatest pastime never would have happened.


I wanted to know what English people thought of the word baseball so I asked them two easy
questions. The first question was “What comes to mind when you think of baseball?” and the second
question was “place the word baseball in a sentence?” For the first question 20% of the people said
baseball was a game, 60% thought of the Red Sox and 10% thought of a player, so the real surprise
was the most common answer wasn’t even close to a common definition the one it fit with is a game or
a club. The second question had 60% of the people responding to the Red Sox winning the pennant,
Shannon Bastarache said “The Red Sox will clinch the baseball title” 20% of the responders said
going outside to play, John dePierro said, “My friend went out and played baseball.” And the last
20% mentioned baseball in a sentence by its history, Molly Fitzpatrick said “I love baseball because
it is a great pastime” the results of the second question didn’t shock me as much because when the
survey was taken the Red Sox had high hopes of winning the title.


As of the last update on the word baseball the Oxford English Dictionary found three meanings. The
first definition is a game with two teams of nine that play each other on a diamond and try to score
the most runs; the first definition is the common perception in the world today. The second
definition is a game or club. The third definition is a baseballer, this is the unique definition
because you usually don’t hear of it, an example is “He…at once became a London baseballer” written
by Knowles and Morton. If I had to pick the common definition it would be definition one because
most people think of the teams playing in the game.


According to the Oxford English Dictionary the word baseball has many authors that used baseball.
For the first definition Jane Austin used baseball in the sentence “It was not very wonderful that
Catherine…should prefer baseball to books.” Also Emerson used the word in 1870 when he wrote
“Amiable boys, who had never encountered any rougher play than a baseball match.” The second
definition was first used in 1855 when the Atlantic Baseball Club created their name. Another time
baseball was used in 1911 when H. Harrison wrote “on the following Saturday…. he took Miss Weyland
to another baseball game.” Knowles and Morton used the third definition in 1896 in the sentence
“He…at once became a London baseballer.” So the word baseball has been used by well-known authors
and unknown authors.


Since 2000, authors have used the word baseball to describe baseball games and also new phrases
have appeared in writing. One of the authors that used an OED definition is Jeff Horrigan of the
Boston Herald when writing, “Sox again stand alone atop the baseball world” he used it to describe
the Red Sox being top team in the league after winning the World Series. On September 9, 2007 David
Caldwell of the New York Times used a new phrase “baseball fan” when he wrote “John Adams, a 55 year
old baseball fan from Brecksville, Ohio…” this is a surprise that the OED has not found this yet
because the fans are a major part in the game. Another phrase comes from a TV show on ESPN
“Baseball Tonight”. Another phrase is baseballer and is used in an article written in the New York
Time when someone wrote to the editor “former baseballer and Yankees broadcaster Jay Johnstone,” the
person who wrote the phrase described Jay Johnstone, a former player of baseball.


I was able to speak to a person who spoke French and Spanish to ask them about the word baseball.
My Uncle Henry a French Canadian said baseball was not hard to learn because he grew up as a
baseball fan, he used baseball in a sentence ‘The Expos were a great baseball team.” My Spanish
friend Edwin said it was hard to learn the word baseball because the game of baseball was not played
in Guatemala where he grew up. Edwin could not use the word in a sentence. So depending on where
you grew up the word baseball could be either hard or easy to learn, for example, in a country where
baseball is played it would be easy to learn and hard for a person to learn if baseball is not
played in their country.


The word baseball future all depends on the sport if the sport ends hopefully a person comes up
with another meaning for baseball because baseball is such a good word. I think the word baseball
will be used in the future due to the sport being so popular and its great American pastime. If the
sport ends the word might end so people should try to develop a new meaning so that the word
baseball doesn’t end.

   
   
   
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Dear Scribe,

Hello, my name is Christopher Bastarache I am the editor of Prentice Hall Literature: Timeless
Voices and Timeless Themes. I am writing to say the other editors and I have rejected your story
Beowulf for the 2008-2009 edition due to recent budget cuts. This was a hard decision to make for
the editors and myself. We have rejected Beowulf for having to many twisting scenes and for showing
little amounts of blood, the Queen being obsessed with giving gifts, and for having too many pagan
beliefs. Although we are happy to have the first Old- English epic as a choice for our book we are
so happy for you being the author of the first Old- English epic.

The first reason why we have rejected Beowulf is because the story does not show enough blood or
death and has to many twisting scenes. An example of twisting is Beowulf twisting Grendal for
example “twisted in pain and the bleeding sinews deep in his shoulder…”(lines 389-390) this quote is
talking about how Grendal twisted in pain when Beowulf twisted his arm. An example of not enough
blood is “snapped, muscle and bone split and broke”(lines 391- 392) this line shows no blood at all
and this is where blood should be added and is showing what happened to Grendal’s arm. We would have
liked a better description of Grendal’s death like stabbing him so the blood came out of his body.
Also we would have like to see Grendal die in battle not return to his den to die in the den. Ian
Chipman agrees with us because in a review he wrote, “ Rumford’s version only lightly drips with
gore…” this quote agrees because Chipman is saying blood lightly dripped or was lightly shown during
the book. The kids today want blood and gore and the people at Prentice Hall feel we could find a
story with more bloody scenes than yours has.

When reading the story the idea of the Queen giving gifts seemed to be irrelevant. Some of the
gifts are “graciously bestowed, two arm bangles, a mail- shirt and rings, and the most resplendent
torque of gold.”(lines 1193-1195) this quote is just showing the gifts the queen gave to Beowulf.
The gift that stood out the most was when the Queen said “Be acclaimed for strength, for kindly
guidance to these two boys”(lines 1219-1220) this shows the queen gave her two sons to Beowulf, we
can not have this in our book because it shows child abuse and we don’t want to show that child
abuse is a good thing which is shown in your story. The Queen gave the gifts before he even killed
Grendal, which is weird because people usually give gifts after someone accomplishes something, so
the gift giving is out of place it should have come after the battle.

The final reason is the pagan beliefs, which we are not happy about. One pagan belief is the
insulting of “Old Stone Gods” (line 89), which means devil or mythology gods. Other examples are
“under heaven” which could mean hell which relates to the devil. Another example is when Grendal’s
mother was killed “The brilliant light shone”(line 543) which is saying the darkness, was controlled
by the devil and is saying paganism had control of the lake of Grendal’s mother because the lake was
dark until Grendal’s mother was killed and then it was “ bright as Heaven’s own candle”(line 544-
545) which shows that God was satisfied that the curse of paganism was over. . James Munson agrees
with us because he said, “The poem was written by Christian but was centered in pagan society.”
James Munson agrees with us because when the book was written paganism was a major part in society,
which influenced the writing. The people at Prentice Hall just want a story that will not offend
anyone reading it and this story could just do that and offend their beliefs.

Again all of us here at Prentice Hall Literature are sorry to reject your story, if
you have other stories we would love to read them and possibly put them in a later edition. We are
happy to hear your story became a movie this past summer so you do not need your story in our book
because you are famous now and are making millions. I hope you are not mad but I am trying to get it
back in the 2009-2010 edition if you would like it in our book again. I hope we hear back from you
with more stories and again I am very sorry.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The word Polo dates back to 1842 when the OED came up with the definition “a game of Eastern origin
resembling hockey played on horseback with long- handled clubs and a wooden ball.” According to the
Federation of International Polo the sport of polo dates back 2,500 years ago to ancient China until
it entered England in 1872. According to the London Times the sport of polo has an average
popularity rate in England, which is shown when 25,000 people watched the Cartier International Polo
match. The sport of polo has been revealed in books and newspapers and reveals that the English are
very intense with the sports they play.

According to the Federation of International Polo the rules and history of polo dates back to
ancient China. 2,500 years ago Polo was founded by the Chinese but they called the sport
“Chaughari.” In 1850 the British Calvary drew up the earliest rules. 12 years later the first Polo
Club was founded by the British Tea Planter in Manipur. Monmouthshire was the first Polo Club
founded in England in 1872. Also in 1872 Polo entered Ireland and then introduced into Australia in
1876. 80 countries play the sport of Polo today. According to the Federation of International Polo
the sport of Polo is played between two teams of four on a field 300 yards by 160 yards. Goals are
switched after each score to equalize the condition of weather, terrain and lighting. If a foul is
called, the fouled team is awarded a penalty shot. According to the Federation of International Polo
the horses that are used are credited with 80% of the player’s effectiveness.

England has many Polo Clubs but the biggest is the Hurlingham Polo Association. This club is the
governing body for Polo in the UK and Ireland. The object of the HPA is to further the interest of
Polo. The HPA has 55 outdoor clubs in the U.K., 28 arena clubs in the U.K., and 6 associations in
the U.K. In 2007, 3,100 members were part of the Hurlingham Polo Association.


The sport of Polo has some of the best athletes; some of the best play for the England
Polo team one of them is the captain Luke Tomlinson. According to the London Times Luke Tomlinson
lead team England to victory against New Zealand 9-7 at the Cartier International Polo match. Luke
Tomlinson was interviewed by The Independent and is quoted by saying “but polo is like playing golf
with a ball that’s moving all the time, against other people that want to hit it too, and on a horse
that is going very fast.” The sport of polo has other major players but only a select few get the
opportunity to play for the England team.

Other than the pros England has many amateur players throughout the country. England
has three well-known amateur players they are Prince Charles, Prince William, and Prince Harry.
According to the London Sun Prince Charles has given up polo but his two sons continue to play the
sport of polo. The Sun writer Corinne Abrams talks about how Prince Charles has played polo for 40
years until his retirement in November 2005. Corinne Abrams also tells us that in1992 the Prince
started playing polo for charity and has continued and has raised 12 million Euro. Corinne Abrams
also says Prince Williams and Prince Harry will continue playing as much as they can when they are
not in the military. After reading Corinne Abrams’ article I learned that the sport of polo has some
popularity in England if the Royal family plays the sport of polo.

The sport of Polo is talked about in London’s biggest newspapers. One of the papers that report on
Polo is the London Times when Antje Derk wrote “England beats New Zealand 9-7 at the Cartier
International Polo Match…” the writer uses the word Polo to describe the match between the England
Polo team and New Zealand Polo team. The London Sun also talks about the sport of Polo when Corinne
Abrams writes “Prince Charles is giving up Polo” this shows the royal family even plays the sport of
Polo showing its popularity among the English. So you can see Polo is known in England because it
gets the attention of the newspapers.

The sport of polo is not very popular among the British writers and screenwriters
except for Rudyard Kipling. Rudyard Kipling wrote a short story about the sport polo “The Maltese
Cat” and wrote the line “the hard, dusty polo-ground was lined with thousands of soldiers.” The
search of this short story was very hard to find showing me that the British do not like to write
about polo.

The sport of Polo will continue to grow in England and all over the world. The sport of Polo will
continue to grow once people learn how to play the sport and once they go see Polo in real life.
The sport will grow oversees once countries can get horses to play. You can see how far the sport
has come from ancient China till today. The sport of polo will grow if more newspapers, books or
movies were written about the sport. It was very hard to find movies or books on the sport of polo
written by a British author.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Is World literature influenced by British literature? The authors of British literature do
influence the World literature for example American literature. As British literature gets older
the style of writing change starting with Williams Shakespeare and going up to and past Charles
Dickens. British literature ranges from prose to poetry and drama. What devices are used to
influence British literature and how do we know the devices when we aren’t told them? All British
authors use one of the 5 devices in their stories; setting, theme, resolution, gender and form are
the 5 devices.

The theme of death is a major theme throughout British literature and can be seen in stories by
Shakespeare, John Keats, Charles Dickens, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Rudyard Kipling and A.E. Housman.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge story Rime of the Ancient Mariner Coleridge writes, “The Albatross fell
off and sank.”(698) The story has many other scenes that include death, one being the crew all
dying. Another author who uses death is Charles Dickens, Dickens has many stories Oliver Twist has
one of the characters Oliver mom dying after giving birth to Oliver in a factory and before she died
she uttered the words “Let me see the child and die.”(1) This relates to the theme death because
Oliver’s mom was about to die which she later did and before death she wanted to see Oliver. In
John Keats story When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be the theme of death is not mentioned
clearly but after analyzing lines from the story you can see the theme of death for example “Till
love and fame to Nothingness do sink”(748) can mean until death you will have love and fame. If you
want to see the theme of death read a story or play done by William Shakespeare for example is the
play MacBeth is full of death from the death of King Duncan to the death of MacBeth. In MacBeth
Lady MacBeth says this about the killing of Duncan “Shall sun that morrow see”(Act 1,Vii) meaning
Duncan will never see the sun again because he will be dead. In the story Recessional by Rudyard
Kipling the death is of a nation and is seen in the line “Far-called, our navies melt away.”(886)
This relates to the theme of death because if the navy melted away the country would have no
protection so an enemy would have the chance of invading. Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote “The
Englishman, who, without reverence, a proud and affectionate reverence, can utter the name of
William Shakespeare, stands disqualified for the office of critic”(296) Coleridge wrote this line as
a piece of criticism for MacBeth. In the poem The Lads in Their Hundreds written by A.E. Housman he
writes, “ The lads that will die in their glory and never be old.”(16) this relates to death because
the lads are about to die but their legacy will always live.

The setting of the ocean is seen in British literature from Ted Hughes, Virginia Woolfe, William
Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Matthew Arnold. “The sea is calm tonight. / The tide is
full, the moon lies fair”(884) this line is from Dover Beach by Matthew Arnold. Arnold uses the
ocean to tell us how calm it is and how the tide is coming in under the night sky. In Rime of the
Ancient Mariner Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote, “The ship was cheered, the harbor cleared”(687) to
describe the ocean of being cleared of ships. In Line Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey
William Wordsworth wrote “These waters, rolling from their mountain springs with a soft inland
murmur”(666) Wordsworth did not directly describe the ocean in the poem but the setting is near a
river which will flow into the ocean. Ted Hughes wrote, “Between the streams and the red clouds,
hearing curlews, hearing the horizons endure”(1210) Ted wrote this line in the poem The Horses to
describe the horses running through the streams. Critic Walter E. Houghton said “widespread doubt
about nature of man, society and the universe”(893) he said this about Matt Arnold Poem Dover Beach.
Virginia Woolfe wrote “The sea was indistinguishable from the sky, except that the sea was slightly
creased as if a cloth had wrinkles in it”(6) from the story The Waves this is describing that the
ocean was not in the sky and that the ocean was not calm that ocean was moving.

In British literature authors like Jane Austen, Doris Lessing, Charles Dickens, William Wordsworth,
and George Orwell talk about young to mid-age girls. In the story on Making an Agreeable Marriage
by Jane Austen wrote to Fanny Knight and wrote, “I feel quite as doubtful as you could be my dearest
Fanny…”(780). In The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing she wrote about a character Molly and
described her by saying “…and now I’m forty and Tommy’s grown up…” (6) This quote relates to young
females because Doris describes Molly as a forty-year-old female. Charles Dickens also talked about
a young girl in his story Hard Times; the young girl’s name was Sissy Jupe. “Sissy is not a name…
Don’t call yourself Sissy call yourself Cecilia”(859). Kate Kinsella et. Al. the editor of Prentice
Hall introduces Dickens by writing; “ The quirkiness of character names only reflects the quirkiness
of the character themselves”(856) this would be talking about the character of Sissy Jupe. George
Orwell wrote about a girl in 1984 named Julia and described her by saying “she was a bold looking
girl of about twenty-seven, with thick dark haired freckled face.”(10) William Wordsworth mentioned
London as a young girl in his poem London, 1802 by saying “England hath need of thee: she is a
fen.”(676) This relates to young age females because Wordsworth is describing England as a young
country that is low and flat.

The stories of Jane Austen, Doris Lessing, Virginia Woolfe, Rudyard Kipling and John
Keats end their stories unexpectantly; this resolution makes the reader ask Why? the ending is
unexpected because it does not go along with the story? In Doris Lessing’s story No Witchcraft for
Sale ends the story with the line “Ah. Little Yellow Head, how you have grown! Soon you will be
grown up with a farm of your own…”(1122) this is unexpected because in the last paragraph Gideon and
Teddy are up to trouble but Lessing ends with the line above. In John Keats poem when I Have Fears
That I may Cease to Be Keats ends the poem with a phrase related to death “Till love and fame to
nothingness do sink”(14) this is unexpected because the poem was about fearing things not death.
Wolf Hirst writes “capable of being in uncertainties, mysteries, doubts, without any irritable
reaching after fact and reason…” this is a piece of criticism on John Keats to explain how is
writing have many uncertainties in them. In Virginia Wolfe’s story The Lady in the Looking Glass: A
Reflection ends in the line “people should not leave looking glasses hanging in their rooms”(1158)
this is unexpected because it was the first line of the story, usually authors do no repeat lines,
so the repeat is unexpected while reading the story. In Recessional by Rudyard Kipling he ends the
poem with a prayer “Thy mercy on thy people Lord!”(886) This prayer is unexpected because the rest
of the poem was about war and at the end he puts a prayer for the people, the ending is a great
ending because God has the ultimate power not rulers of nation so a prayer to God to use his power.
In a letter LXXXIII from Jane Austen to her niece Fanny Knight, she writes;
“Our fears increase for poor little Harriot; the latest account is that Sir Ev. Home is
confirmed in his opinion of there being water on the brain. I hope Heaven, in its mercy, will take
her soon. Her poor father will be quite worn out by his feelings for her; he cannot spare Cassy at
present, she is an occupation and a comfort to him.”(1)
this quote is unexpected because the letter ends with Jane Austen wanting Harriot die so Harriot’s
father could get back to normal because he is worn out because of Harriot’s illness.

Throughout British literature isolated individuals find companionship in form, A.E. Houseman, Matt
Arnold, George Orwell, and Ted Hughes. In Matt Arnold’s poem Dover Beach, he writes, “where the sea
meets the moon-blanched land”(8-9) Arnold is isolating the sea until the sea comes into the shore at
night. In A.E. Housman’s poem When I came last to Ludlow he writes,
“When I came last to Ludlow/amidst the moonlight Pale, /Two friends kept step beside me/Two honest
lads and hale/Now Dick lies long in the Churchyard/and Ned lies long in jail/and I come home to
Ludlow/Amidst the moonlight pale.” (1-8)

Houseman is telling the story of a man who went to Ludlow with friends Dick and Ned but now he is
alone because Dick is in the churchyard and Ned is in jail, so it relates to the form because the
main character found companionship and then was isolated. Critic J. Leggett wrote, “No opinion was
so predominant among Housman's early commentators as that which asserted that his verses are
marked by an essential simplicity of form and thought, and this view is still in evidence today.”
This relates to A.E. Housman because Leggett is saying that Housman writes in simple form that he
does not go into great detail like many authors do. In 1984 George Orwell writes about a man named
Wilson who isolated himself until he met a girl named Julia. Orwell writes, “what is your name?
Said Winston. Julia, I know yours…” (120) this relates to the device of form of character being
isolated than finding a friend because Wilson isolated himself because he was afraid of Big Brother
until he met Julia and when he met Julia he always wanted to talk with her. In Ted Hughes Poem
Bride and Groom Lie Hidden for Three Days he writes “she gives him his eyes, she found them/Among
some rubble, among some beetles” (1-2) this relates to being isolated and finding friendship because
the girl was isolated until she found the man’s eyes in marriage.

All five devices are important to British Literature because without them the story
would fall apart because it has no background. The five devices of theme, setting, gender,
resolution, and form are the many basis of any writing because if you did not them the story would
not make sense, for example if Shakespeare did not tell us the characters names we would be confused
on the theme of death because we would not know who killed who we would just know there was many
killings. The five themes play an important role in British Literature because without theme you
might not have the famous works of the famous British authors and without the stories of the British
authors we today would have limited stories to read because the authors of the world look to British
authors as an influence for their works.




Works Cited


Arnold, Matt Dover Beach Prentice Hall Literature
The British Tradition. Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al.
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Austen, Jane Making an Agreeable Marriage
Prentice Hall Literature The British Tradition.
Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al. Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Prentice Hall Literature The British Tradition.
Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al. Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor Introduction to Shakespeare
Prentice Hall Literature The British Tradition.
Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al. Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Dickens, Charles Hard Times Prentice Hall Literature
The British Tradition. Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al.
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Hughes, Ted The Horses Prentice Hall Literature
The British Tradition. Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al.
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Keats, John When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be
Prentice Hall Literature The British Tradition.
Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al. Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Kinsella, Kate et. al. Introduction to Charles Dickens
Prentice Hall Literature The British Tradition.
Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al. Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Kipling, Rudyard Recessional Prentice Hall Literature
The British Tradition. Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al.
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Lessing, Doris No Witchcraft for Sale Prentice Hall Literature
The British Tradition. Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al.
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Lessing, Doris The Golden Notebook
Harper Collins Publishers, Feb 1999

Orwell, George 1984 .
New York:Penguin Group, 1949


Shakespeare, William Macbeth
Prentice Hall Literature
The British Tradition. Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al.
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Woolfe, Virginia The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection
Prentice Hall Literature The British Tradition.
Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al. Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Wordsworth, William Lines Composed A Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey
Prentice Hall Literature The British Tradition.
Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al. Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

Wordsworth, William London,1802 Prentice Hall Literature
The British Tradition. Eds. Kate Kinsella et.al.
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2005

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
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