English 10: Writing Portfolio
Catholic Memorial High School
|Although a basketball is round and
bouncy, the definition is not so bouncy. The first time that the
word basketball was used in writing was in 1892 by J. Naismith. The word basketball shows how the
English language has changed over time. The word "basketball" was originally hyphened as
"basket-ball". Many people think that there is several meaning of the word
"basketball" as it can refer to the game or a basketball itself.
65% of dictionaries have almost the same meaning of the word basketball. In the Merriam Webster’s
dictionary, the definition of the word basketball is: "usually played in an indoor court
between two teams of five players each who have to score by tossing an inflated ball through the
raised goal". In the American Heritage Dictionary, the definition of the word basketball is:
a game played between two teams of five players each, the object being to throw a ball through an
elevated basket on the opponent’s side of the rectangular court. Players may move by dribbling or
passing with the hands". In the MSN Encarta dictionary they define basketball as: "a game
played by two teams of five players, who score points by throwing a ball through a basket mounted at
the opponent’s end of a rectangular court".
The OED (Oxford English Dictionary) of the word basketball is: "A game played indoors or
outdoors with a large inflated ball, which is thrown from player to player, the object being to
score by casting it into one's opponent’s goal, a basket fixed ten feet above the ground at
each end of the field of play". If you compare the OED definition and the other dictionaries
above, they basically mean the same thing. This is why the English language has such a diversity or
similar meanings of one word.
The first sentence that "basketball" was used in was in 1892 by J. Naismith:
"Interesting basket-ball match". As you can see it was hyphened. Another example is from
the 1898 Daily News. The sentence said: "Syracuse, Cornell, Wellesley, and Rosemary Hall have
each their teams of girl basketball players". Also in 1898, the Los Angeles Times said:
"Basket-ballers are the right sort". One of the latest sentences was in 2003 by J.
Lethem. "He stooped from a basketballer's height, his enormous frame draped in a
dust-colored suit and folded awkwardly behind the table". As you can see in this sentence,
there is no hyphen. This shows how the word "basketball" has changed over time.
Articles from the last seven years about the word "basketball" include: "Boston and
Toronto played the first basketball game of the 2007-2008 season on Saturday afternoon, and it
packed a pleasant surprise". Another one "I'll take quality over quantity every
time, says Danny Ainge, Boston's executive director of basketball operations". As you can
see the word "basketball" is used in many different was which is why the English language
is very diverse.
How long will the word "basketball" last in the English language? The word basketball is
a very popular word in the world. A lot of people use it referring to the game and to a basketball
you bounce. I think the word basketball will last until the year 4,000 as it will wear away with
the English language.
Dear Geoffrey Chaucer,
|Horseracing, “The sport of Kings”
is a sport of running horses at speed, mainly thoroughbreds along
with a rider. It was first used in 1654 according to the Oxford English Dictionary. The origins of
modern racing developed in the UK. For thousands of years, horse racing flourished as the sport of
kings and the nobility. Modern racing exists mainly because it is a major venue for legalized
gambling. The current level of popularity of “horse racing” is averaged to be the fourth most
popular sport in the British Isles today according to the London Times, The Telegraph, and The
Mirror. The development of Horse Racing reveals that people appreciate old customs, and it is a
great source of entertainment for them. The British also have done a great job spreading the sport
to different countries such as America. According to the Britannica Encyclopedia, Horse Racing’s
first documented race was held in 1651 in France. Horse racing became a professional sport in 1702
in Britain. Racecourses were set up all over England.
There are several pro organizations for Horse Racing in the UK. This includes The British
Horseracing Board, The RCA, and most popular, The Jockey Club. A “jockey” is one who rides horses
in thoroughbred racing. Jockey’s are normally self employed. In 1750 racing's best met at
Newmarket to form the Jockey Club, which to this day has complete control over UK racing. The
Jockey Club wrote complete rules of racing. Since 1814, four races have been called “classic races”:
English Triple Crown, the 2,000 Guineas, the Epsom Derby, and the St. Leger Stakes. The Jockey Club
also took steps to regulate the breeding of racehorses. Another interesting thing is the names of
the horses. Some of the names of the horses in the Jockey Club are: Great Brit, United Ken, and
Brittany. As you can see they all have to do with the UK.
There is big news right now for horse racing in Britain. It is a big match up consisting of Kauto
Star (the champion right now) versus Denman (the challenger). This event is called the “Gold Cup”.
This event is on the front cover of the “London Times” and “Telegraph” under “Horse Racing”. In a
recent interview in the London Telegraph, Kauto Star and his owner are very confident that they can
beat Denman saying “We can beat Denman. We will beat Denman”. (Telegraph). This is considered one
of the big three competitions of the year. Well, I watched this race on T V on CBS and this was one
of the biggest upsets in 40 years. Denman beat the former champ Kauto Star, and took control of the
throne. After the contest Denman said: “I don't know what to say, I'm lost for words”, “I
went through the race in my head a million times before and it just went absolutely according to
plan. He's just such a good horse and traveled so well for me, Wow!” This truly tells you how
amazing this news is to Fans of Horse Racing and especially Denman.
Horse Racing is in mainly in the form of Poetry. There is a very good poem that I found consisting
of Horse Racing. It is called “The White Horse” by D.H. Lawrence. This poem talks about what the
horse does for you, and how it becomes part of your life and how to care for it.
I think that Horse Racing still has a long way to go. I think that this sport will continue to be
one of the most watched and enjoying sports in the world. It is ranked the fourth most popular in
the UK and has made great appearances here in the U.S. with events such as the Kentucky Derby and
The Breeders Cup. There is a huge amount of betting on this sport as well so it would be hard for
this sport to lose connection in the UK.
Mr. President, as it stands now, students in
English 10 are studying British Literature in our