English 10: Writing Portfolio


Catholic Memorial High School



Creative Writing  
  .There are many reasons why the word reason has changed throughout the history of the English
language. The most modern definition is a statement of some fact, real or alleged, employed as an
argument an argument to justify or condemn some act. Throughout the history of the English language
there have been a total of eleven different definitions of the word reason. The word can represent
the changing of the English language because in the earlier times, the word reason meant a statement
of a woman. This shows that the English language has changed along side the changes in the culture.
As women got more rights to have their opinions, the meaning of the word reason changed to a
statement by both male and female.

In the three dictionaries I looked up the word reason in, all of the word reason was relatively
similar. In the American heritage dictionary, the definition is the basis or motive for an action,
decision, or conviction. In the Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law, the definition is an
underlying ground, justification, purpose, motive, or inducement. And in the Oxford pocket American
Dictionary the definition is a motive, cause, or justification.

The Oxford English dictionary dates the word reason back 787 years. The most unique definition in
the OED that is different from the other definitions is a women’s reason, and a fact, or incident,
as a subject of discourse. In 1591 Shakespeare uses the definition regarding a women’s reason in the
play The Two Gentleman of Verona. He wrote it as “I have no other but a woman’s reason.” Also
Shakespeare uses reason again as a cause for something. The line is in Romeo and Juliette.
Shakespeare wrote “Now do you know the reason for this hast.” This was I 1592, one year after the
first definition. This shows that the word reason was changing meaning almost every year. A newer
version of the word reason was written by George Crabbe in 1810. He wrote “He proved with strong
reasons strong that no man’s feelings ever lead him wrong.” This is a definition using the most
recent meaning. Sean O’Neil of the London times uses the word Reason as the way Crabbe did in 1810.
O’Neal writes “Mr. Menezes, 27, had small traces of the drug in his system and was in Britain
illegally, but neither factor had previously been advanced as a reason or excuse for shooting him.”

The changes of the word reason can dictate the future of the English language because over the past
787 years the word reason has only changed in meaning slightly. Some of the definitions of the
earlier years have been forgotten. This shows that the English language will update or change
slightly to go alongside the culture it is used in.

















Dear Geoffrey Chaucer,

We at Prentice Hall would first like to thank you on your works that made it in our first
edition of Prentice Hall. But as the Chief Editor of Prentice Hall I have to omit an author from
next year’s edition due to budget cuts. And we are sorry to inform you that your works will not be
making it into the later edition of Prentice Hall for various reasons. Some of us at Prentice Hall
still think of you as the “Father of English Poetry” but others don’t. There are two cases of crime,
which include rape and murder. These are two things that can influence the youth who read these
stories. Another problem that we have in your works of literature is that the rhyme schemes in some
of the lines in The Canterbury Tales are too simple. And thirdly the Human characters in your works
are seen as bad or evil. These three flaws or conflicts are all contributing to the reason you will
not be in the second edition next year.

In the story The Wife of Bath’s Tale, it tells of a knight of King Arthur’s table saw a maiden
walking, “From whom, in spite of all she did and said, /Straightway by force he took her maidenhead”
(31&32). This would be a terrible and unlawful thing to do in present time. In the story the
Knight gets away with rape by solving a riddle, where as in today’s world you would be put in jail
for life. This is sending the wrong message to young adults and children. Also in the Pardoner’s
Tale preaches that the three main characters are so caught up in the treasure that they would kill
one another for it. The two oldest wanted to kill the youngest while the youngest was plotting
"to kill them both and never to repent" (388). This shows greed and the ruthlessness of
the three pardoners. This is also teaching the youth terrible lessons.

As I skim through the book, I can see that you use very simple rhyme scheme in some paragraphs. For
example in lines 33 and 34 of the Canterbury Tales, you use the ending “ay”. This would be alright
only if you hadn’t used the same rhyme scheme in lines 37 and 38. This also happens again but worse.
In lines 57 and 58 you used the words “spring and sing” as the rhyme scheme, and again you use the
words “spring and sing” as a rhyme scheme in lines 61 and 62. But I am confident that there are more
like this in the rest of your stories and think it is unacceptable for the “Father of English

Finally, here at Prentice Hall feel as though you are portraying humans in your stories such as in
the Nuns Priest Tale as evil. For example "Oh the fox and they all ran after him and after him
with their staves went many men." This shows that the humans are brutal and showing basic
instinct of killing the helpless. Also you depicted the humans as losing their minds “they all ran
so they thought their hearts would break. They

yelled like fiends out of hell." This is unacceptable here at Prentice Hall and goes against
our way of thinking about the human race.

I am truly sorry about our final decision and want to inform you that you can still be in future
books if you can clean up the violence and ideas of humanity in your writings. We at Prentice Hall
all wish you the best of luck on the years to come.
With Regrets,
Colin Hackett

  According to the Columbia encyclopedia the sport of lacrosse was invented by the native North
Americans around the 15th century. Lacrosse started out as a brutal, ferocious, violent, and
unorganized game. The game began out a way to get the spirits to favor you over the opponent, who
will be fighting against you in war. Three hundred years later a French Jesuit missionary saw the
game and decided to develop a more organized game called “Crosse”. He brought a version of the game
back to Europe. In the 19th century a less violent version of lacrosse was developed in Canada by a
Dentist. This form of Lacrosse and its rules is what we use today in lacrosse games around the
world. On the English Lacrosse Association website, Lacrosse was said to have its debut in England
in 1867, when the Canadians came for an exhibition match. Although England did not come out
victorious, the people of England quickly developed a league of their own. The sport of lacrosse
started out as a very unorganized and brutal game that turned into a very organized and controlled
game. The sport of lacrosse is not recognized in the U.K or the Isles. They do not have a separate
column in their major newspapers, but it is recognized in the parts of the U.K where lacrosse is a
part of their culture. The sport of lacrosse can tell us about England’s literature and the
development of England as a strong unified country. As lacrosse got rationalized and less violent
so did the country and literature of Britain.

The NLA website states that the sport of lacrosse is similar to the sport of hurling, except the
hurler players play with a stick made of ash and wear no padding. It started in the 15th century,
but has endured many changes and exceptions since then. The game has been developed into a team
sport with rules. In England, there are two men’s leagues. There is a league in the south and a
league in the north. These formed in 1897 and each have 5 divisions in them. In 1892 the English
lacrosse union (ELU) was formed and is in control of all the lacrosse that happens in England. The
main focus of men’s lacrosse popularity in England is in the Manchester area. Manchester hosted the
men’s lacrosse championship in 1978 and 1994. Manchester is also looking forward to hosting it again
in 2010. In college, Lacrosse is mostly a club sport and not an organization, but a number of
private schools have strong traditions.

The sport of lacrosse in England is increasing as the years go by. There are more teams and clubs
appearing all around England from the help of other club teams and schools. But, lacrosse is still a
quiet sport and is not even mentioned in any of the big English newspaper companies.
The sport of lacrosse can teach us about England’s developed culture and its literature in many
ways. In its beginnings, lacrosse was an unorganized sport and was very brutal. The sport was
considered a type of war or battle, and in many cases was a place of death. This can relate to
England’s struggle for control between the parliamentarians and the Roundheads. There were a number
of civil wars between the Catholics and the Protestants for complete power. But as time passed the
Protestants took over and unified a segregated country. England is now one of the most unified and
powerful country in the world. Also British literature started out as unpopular and separated from
the rest, but as time passed, people recognize it as works of art and great pieces of literature.

Mark Whittell is the head coach of the England national team and represented England in two lacrosse
world cups as head coach. Whittell now fifty years old, took up lacrosse as a young schoolboy
growing up in Manchester. The college choice for Mark was heavily influenced by lacrosse. “L played
the next thirty years and stopped because of a blown out knee.” He added to this that “It’s the
fastest sport on two feet, its physical and there’s a lot of testosterone flying around the field. I
could go anywhere in the country as a player and as a referee and know other people were involved.”
This quote from an interview from the London times fully explains Marks love of the game of lacrosse
and his passion for it. After his blown knee, he still wanted to be involved with the game by
becoming a referee.

The Book “Lacrosse: A know the Game Handbook” by all England Women’s Lacrosse Association. This is
about the only book about lacrosse that was published by an English company. This tells of the
minute popularity of the sport in England and especially in its literature.

A recent article from the Manchester Evening news tells about a fight that broke out between two
amateur clubs. The Rochdale was playing the Manchester Waconians at Didsbury Lacrosse Club. Mr
Lafon, a Waconian player but was not on the field, became involved in a sideline fight with Rochdale
player Glyn Morris. The game was discarded and Mr Lafon needed 14 stitches in a gash on his chin.
There were emergency meetings the next day to discuss the possible consequences of the player’s
actions. The Manchester Waconians Club would impose its own immediate ban on the player for the
rest of the season. The head coach of the Waconians added in a following interview that he was sorry
for his players actions and, "The sport of lacrosse is a hidden gem of a game. It needs
publicity but not of the kind that belittles the achievements and dedication of this minority
sport.” This tells of how the sport of lacrosse will always have violence because of the competitive
nature of the sport.

The future of this great sport is hastily on the rise and is spreading throughout the U.K. Lacrosse
in some parts of the U.K such as in the Manchester area. Also in many colleges spread across the
United Kingdom, lacrosse is played just for fun in a club team. But as the sport is being spread
throughout, lacrosse is being played in small town leagues. I predict as the years go by, the sport
of lacrosse in the U.K will pick up rapidly.