English 10: Writing Portfolio

 

Catholic Memorial High School

 

2007-2008

   
   
   
   
   
Research  
   
Creative Writing  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
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  As I swim to on the desert island of my mind, I find that the substance it is predominately made of
is land. The word “island” is a word that people learn very early in their lives, it is also one of
the first words encountered by young readers that does not sound as its letters would indicate. The
word island’s history reflects the history of the English language because it is an extremely old
word, ranging back from Old English. This word has been in the English language longer than most
others and it reflects all of the changes and similarities the language has today in comparison to
its time as old English.

Research indicates that 40% of people associate the word “island” with the word “sand”. A further
80% associate this word with something commonly found on a tropical island. These words included,
“sand”, “palm trees”, and “tropical.” Not one person in the survey had spent more time on an island
than a brief vacation. This shows that people are not quick to think of islands as anything other
than beautiful tropical paradises. When asked to use the word island in a sentence, 60% talked about
interacting with an island in some way during a travel. 20% talked about islands as a possession,
and a rouge 20% pretended islands were an imaginary thing. 100% of people surveyed were able to
define the correct definition of the word island. This stems from the fact that it is a very basic
word which is learned by children early in the educational lives.

Lore Harbich, a woman who grew up speaking German, was asked several questions regarding her
journey to learn the word island; when asked to define this word, she more or less gave the proper
most commonly used definition. When next asked if this was a difficult word for her to learn as it
has so many definitions or multiple uses she responded with, “Well, I would say I learned this word
easily.” This shows that this word is easy to learn even if English isn’t your first language. Even
the spelling must not be hard for foreign people because anyone who takes a foreign language can
tell you, your mentor in that language puts great emphasis on your learning of irregular words.

It is also worth noting that on Google, The three nations that search for the word island more than
any other are New Zealand, Australia, and The United States respectively. This stems from the fact
that New Zealand itself is an island nation; Australia is in the south western pacific, an area
dominated by a myriad of small islands, and finally the United States is the world’s leading user of
Google, so you would be hard-pressed to find something that they are not one of the top searchers
of.

The Oxford English Dictionary has four different definitions for the word island. It also has
fifteen sub-definitions. There is your typical: “piece of land completely surrounded by water”, but
there is also: “An elevated piece of land surrounded by a marsh.” This is an unusual definition and
most people have not used it in this way. The ridge between the lines in your fingerprints is known
as an island and a refugee can also be called an island. The refugee version may be the second most
common after the “land surrounded by water” definition.

Being such an old and common word, island has been used by many, many writers. Its first usage came
in around the year 900 by King Ǽlfred. The great English author, Charles Dickens, used this
word in his 1839 novel, The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickelby. Robert Louis Stevenson used
this word the title of his 1925 novel, Treasure Island. William Golding’s 1954 novel, Lord of the
Flies uses this word multiple times. This word has become such a huge part of our society today that
it might be harder for someone to find a novel that does not use this word, as opposed to one that
does.

On October 29th, 2007 The New York Times used the word island a total of seventeen times. This is a
tribute to the versatility and frequency of this word. Usages ranged from the most common definition
of “island” as a body of land surrounded by water, to parts of a place’s name, as in “Rhode Island.”
On November 1, 2007, Reuter’s released an article named “Jets Bomb Sri Lanka Rebels as Troops Kill
31 Tigers: Army”. This article uses the common, “land surrounded by water” definition. On November
1, 2007, The Associated Press released an article entitled, “Plane Skids of Runway in Indonesia”
This uses the typical island definition as does the above article.

The word island has been around for as long as the English language. This makes sense because
English comes from Great Britain, which of course is an island off the coast of mainland Europe.
Since this word has been around almost as long as the English language itself, and really has no
synonyms, I cannot foresee a time where this word may die, except for when (perhaps in thousands of
years) the English language itself dies. I hope to use this word many more times in my lifetime as
it is a valuable part of the English language.
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dearest Scribe, as the chief editor at Prentice Hall Literature, I truly regret to inform you that
your classic, Beowulf, will not be featured in next year’s edition of Prentice Hall
Literature: Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes: The British Tradition.
Since Beowulf is one of the
first things ever written in English, it was a very hard decision to remove it from our textbook.
The main reasoning behind our decision to remove your tale was that we felt that you exhibited a
clash between two religious themes in this story. First you show Christian beliefs, but suddenly you
reveal Pagan themes. Also, I felt that this story exhibited a large amount of sexism in which women
are viewed as inferior. Finally, we felt that the amount of boasting by the central characters in
this story was unacceptable in a time when humbleness in all things is valued.

Within lines 14 through 17, you made three references to the Christian Lord. You claim that the boy
born to Shield was “a comfort sent by God to that nation.” Moving on, it is written that, “The Lord
of Life, the glorious Almighty, made this man renowned.” A quick turn of the page and your beliefs
seem to be completely altered. Shield has died and his body set out to sea. Your text proclaims
that, no one “knows for certain who salvaged that load.” On the previous page it seemed pretty
certain that the Christian God was the deity who would eventually “salvage that load.” On lines 71
and 72 you discuss Hrothgar’s generosity and how “he would dispense his God-given goods to young and
old.” Here we see yet another reference to God. Lines 106-108 discuss how Grendel descended from
Cain, the biblical character who killed his brother Abel, whom you also mention. You then write that
“the Eternal Lord had exacted a price” or in other words, Cain was punished by God. On lines 3160 to
3168, Beowulf is buried along with his treasure. Here is the classic pagan belief that those items
with which you are buried will assist you in the afterlife. Charles Moorman, in his discussion,
The Essential Paganism of Beowulf”, agrees with our view on your constant movement between
religions. He writes that in your story you make several references to free will, a Christian theme;
Hrothgar, the Danish King, makes a speech on humility, one of the fundamental teachings of Christ.
However, in this story life is viewed in a very negative way. A pagan theme that would never occur
in Christian Literature, is that darkness won in the end. Ultimately, in this story, Beowulf died
trying to save his nation from a dragon. This shows that you can spend your life fighting evil, but
eventually it will destroy you.

Your view is women may have been acceptable in times past, but in today’s society sexism is frowned
upon. Time and time again, women in this story are portrayed as inferior to men. For example, on
lines 61 to 61, it is written that Halfdane had a daughter named Halga whom “was Onela’s Queen, a
balm in bed to the battle-scarred Swede.” On line 1232, Wealtheow “Moved then to her place.” The
next sentence discusses how men were drinking wine. After Wealtheow gave her speech, she moved to
the sidelines where you aim to make the reader thinks that she belongs. There is no female character
in this story with any influence over others. Wealtheow, the only human woman in this story, gives a
speech within lines 1218 to 1231. Within this speech she offers gifts and her sons to Beowulf. You
make her appear to be only powerful enough to offer goods to men, yet not offer her opinion. She may
praise them, but never criticize them. Mary Dockray-Miller, in her writing: "The Masculine
Queen of Beowulf
", agrees that there is sexism in Beowulf. She states that the male gender
is clearly portrayed as superior to the female gender in this story. Overall, your portrayal of the
female gender is simply unacceptable.

In modern times, to boast or proclaim your superiority is looked down upon as a sign of poor
upbringing and manners. People do not like hearing others boast and it is not commonly done in
modern times. However, in your story, boasting is widespread. Lines 529 through 606 contain a long
boastful speech spoken by Beowulf. He proclaims that he was “the strongest swimmer of them all”(534)
and in lines 632 to 638 he declares a formal boast addressed to Wealtheow that he will “fulfill that
purpose, and prove myself with a proud deed.” He is, of course, referring to the fact that he shall
soon attack Grendel. Yet again, do not claim that Prentice Hall are the only literary critics who
hold this opinion, Susan M. Kim, in her writing “As I Once Did with Grendel: Boasting and
Nostalgia in Beowulf
” claims that boasting is so widespread in your story that near the end we
actually expect Beowulf to boast. When a character is expected to boast, we see a serious flaw in
their personality.

Scribe, I am truly sorry that your story did not make the new edition of our textbook. It really is
a shame that we had to remove one of the greatest early works in the English Language, but we must
look out for the best interests of the students. However, I do have some good news. As you may have
heard, the story Beowulf was just made into an epic movie. If you still own the rights to this tale,
you are about to make a lot of money. Due to the fact that in your time, the most famous book was
The Bible, I am quite certain that at one point you must have written out a copy of it. I can
conclude this because you were one of the few people of your time who were fortunate enough to learn
how to read and write. Despite living in a secular society, we may consider placing an excerpt from
the Bible in our textbook for educational purposes. The Book of Proverbs is a frontrunner to
be admitted into our textbook. Finally, if any of your other stories are unearthed in Britain, the
board of editors will certainly consider putting it in our textbook.

Sincerely,
Eric Butts

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ski: according to the Oxford English Dictionary, this word was first used in the English language
around eight hundred fifty years ago. The word itself comes from Norway where the sport is believed
to have been invented around 4,500 years ago. Worldwide, the popularity of skiing has never been
higher; however in England the growth of this sport’s popularity appears to be low; it is not even
listed on the first sports page of many newspapers such as the London Times or the
Mirror
. Despite this, skiing is gaining popularity in Britain. The main thing that skiing
teaches us about the British is that this culture does not have the same innate love for all things
snow related that Americans and other Europeans seem to contain.

According to the Ski Club of Great Britain, skiing was brought to the British Isles with the Viking
invasions. Skiing has been a great pastime for the Norse People and they brought this love with them
to Britain. England is actually quite flat, but mountains in Scotland, such as Glenshee, are prime
destinations for British skiers. As a whole, the British Empire actually enjoys skiing quite a bit
more than England itself. Resorts such as Falls Creek in Australia, Mt. Ruapehu in New Zealand,
Kufri in India, and countless others in Canada are very popular among locals. For the most part,
there are no differentials in the rules of skiing, but many different categories exist within the
sport of skiing. For example, on singular mountains such as Glenshee, regular downhill slalom is
very popular. On mountains such as Kufri, which are part of larger ranges, cross country skiing is
just as popular as downhill skiing.

Alain Baxter is a professional skier in Britain who has often been described as Britain’s best hope
to bring home a skiing medal. He is a professional skier who placed 11th in the final World Cup
standings. In an article with the Telegraph titled, “Winter Olympics: Ski problems threaten
Britain’s medal prospect” He talks about how a lack of skiing areas has led to him being unable to
practice as much as he would like. Also, he discussed his great success last year by saying, “My
form kept improving from race to race, I really didn’t want the season to end because I didn’t want
to lose my form.” This shows how professional skiers must work at the sport year-round. This also
shows how hard it must be on British skiers who have a lack of ski-able terrain, especially in the
spring and summer.

An amateur mogul skier named Michael Liebreich must travel great distances to take part in the sport
he loves. He is a native of Great Britain and, in an article with the Telegraph, he was
quoted to have said that the reason he took up skiing was “because I was getting fat.” In the past,
he has skied quiet competitively, almost on par with some excellent professionals. Today, he takes
part in the sport because of the great happiness it brings him. He even will give some lessons to
newcomers who wish to improve their abilities.

An amateur ski competition that takes place in Britain is the Verbrier Challenge Cup. According to
the Telegraph, approximately 70 percent of the entrants are British. This amateur competition
has people within every range of skiing ability. Anyone who skis even rarely may feel they want to
enter. As a result, the range of skiers is quite wide; there are young children engaging in the
tournament, but also seasoned veterans who aren’t quite good enough to turn pro. This tournament
will take place on March 27th and is organized by the Ski Club of Britain, an amateur skiing
organization. This is a thrill for amateur skiers because of the media coverage that a competition
like this brings. To cover an amateur event with the passion with which the media covers this event
will only lead to more popularity for this sport within the British Isles.

An article in the Evening Standard talks about the increasing popularity of skiing leading to
higher ticket prices in places such as Poiana Brasov. This is interesting news because it shows that
the popularity of skiing is increasing; this is actually good news for skiers everywhere because the
more and more places where skiing is popular, the more influence it can have worldwide as a sport.
Also, this will lead to more and more opportunities growing up for skiers both in Britain and
worldwide.

Despite a lack of popularity in Britain, skiing has shown up in a few British poems and stories. For
example, “Letter to S. S. from Mametz Wood” is a short poem by Robert Graves in which he
touches on Skiing in Wales, which has some popularity due to the mountains in the vicinity of Wales.
Another great example of skiing in British media is a song by George Harrison of the Beatles
entitled “Ski-Ing”. The fact that this sport has enough clout for one of the greatest
musicians of all time to write about it shows its influence worldwide.

Despite the lack of mountains in Britain, skiing is beginning to catch on. There is definitely a new
wave coming where skiing may become even more popular. It is also foreseeable, as new modes of
transportation become readily available for cheaper prices, that residents of Britain will fly more
often to the Alps to do their skiing. The main thing that the unpopularity of skiing tells us about
Britain is that these people do not have an infatuation with snow that the rest of the world does. I
predict that as the winter Olympics, World Skiing Championships, and the careers of young stars such
as Alain Baxter all become more prominent, the popularity of skiing in Britain will skyrocket.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Just as the British Empire’s influence reached every corner of the globe, so was the literature of
that miniscule island powerful enough to influence human civilization. British literature began with
anonymous scribes over a millennium ago. Slowly it became more sophisticated until, over the last
three hundred years, it has produced some of the greatest novelists of all time; such as Charles
Dickens, J.R.R Tolkien and Jane Austen. British poetry has been far more greatly affected by the
personal life of the author than any prose that author may create. Over the years, five devices have
emerged as the key components in creating works of British Literature. These devices were completely
unique to the civilization of Great Britain.


One timeless theme of British Literature is the Battle between Good and Evil. The earliest work of
literature in the English Language, Beowulf¸ was written by an anonymous Scribe who utilized
this theme. In this epic poem, the author describes Grendel, the protagonist, as having “…made his
home in a hell. Not hell but hell on earth. He was spawned in that slime of Cain, murderous
creatures banished, by God, punished forever for the crime of Abel's death.” Grendel represents
Evil and God represents the Good which is fighting against him.


In Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen writes, “You expect me to account for opinions which you
choose to call mine, but which I have never acknowledged.” The good and evil involved here is the
good of one fighting for their integrity versus the evil of someone calling it into question.In the
epic work, Paradise Lost, John Milton wrote of one of the most timeless battles of Good versus Evil,
Line 263 of Book One, and states “Satan tries to make the best of the situation in hell, explaining
‘better to reign in hell, than serve in heav'n.’” Here evil is directly opposing God.
Charles Dickens is yet another example of an author who utilized the theme of Good versus Evil in
his works. A Tale of Two Cities ends with this statement by the protagonist, “It is a far,
far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I
have ever known.” The protagonist clearly believes that his final action will help win the battle
between good and evil.


A most interesting use of this theme can be found in George Orwell’s book, 1984.
In Book three, O’Brien states, “The Party is immortal.” These four words provide one of the keys to
the entire novel and are especially interesting is especially interesting as they come at a time
when Evil defeats Good. Nadia Khoury, a literary critic, writes, “Orwell could not conceive of a
compromise between individual needs and the needs of the common good.” In effect, Orwell could not
conceive of a balance of power, or a balance between things both good and evil.


Numerous settings within different British works have been used to provide a respite for the main
characters. J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter contains the mythical castle of Hogwarts, “The only
home I’ve [Harry] have even known.” In her essay The World of Harry Potter, literary critic, Julia
Ecclesiae, states, “The world of the School [Hogwarts] creates a perfect miniature universe. This
includes social structures and is an important feature of being a master of settings. The setting of
a story must relate to the settings of the real world; otherwise the novel becomes nothing more than
a children’s book.

J.R. R. Tolkien’s settings in Lord of the Rings range from the fortress Helm’s Deep, to the
lush and beautiful shire, to the wasteland of Mordor. Before beginning his journey, Bilbo Baggins,
in the first book, states “I would ask Frodo to come with me, and he would probably say yes, but in
his heart he is still in love with the Shire.” The universe of George Orwell’s 1984 is to a
great extent a scary place, but there is some peace there. When O’Brien says in a dream, “We will
meet in the place where there is no darkness” or when Winston travels with Julia to the “Golden
Country”, much stress is relieved. These times offer hope to Winston that the future may improve.
In Mary Shelley’s The Modern Prometheus, the protagonist truly needs to rest after working
feverishly for months on end. He travels to a lake in the mountains and says, “The very winds
whispered in soothing accents, and maternal Nature bade me weep no more.” Virginia Woolf also
utilized such a setting within the story, The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection. Within
the second paragraph of the tale, the “quiet old country room with rugs and stone chimney pieces”
offers some normalcy to the strange life of the main character Isabella.


In the poem When I was One-and-Twenty, A.E. Housman, evokes recollections of his past with
lines such as, “But I was one and twenty no use to talk to me” revealing a past remembered with
blissful regret. The relaxing setting in this poem is actually the past. The narrator looks back
upon the past when he is strained and is able to find some relaxation by simply remembering his
youth.


The most common and greatest resolution in all of British Literature is the moral triumph of Good
over Evil after great sacrifice by the heroes. J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series ends on a
triumphant note when Harry tells his arch enemy to “Try for some remorse” before defeating him in
battle. Harry triumphantly returned to conquer the evil in front of him. Prior to this point in the
story, Harry was held captive by a former friend who stated, “I am sorry Harry, but I cannot let you
leave, the ministry will be here soon”. Harry is also forced to live on the run, and is attacked by
the minions of his enemy various times. J.R. R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings series ends on an
equally triumphant note which first appears to be uncertain. Sam Gamgee states, “Mr. Frodo, I don’t
think there will be a return trip for us (back home)” Thereafter, the two hobbits destroy the ring
and are rescued from what had appeared to be predestined death. In There and Back Again: Tolkien
Reconsidered, Susan Cooper addresses the battle of Good versus Evil in Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings.
She states, “The basic story of The Lord of the Rings is a clash of absolutes: Evil, once driven
out, has returned to Middle-earth, and is finally driven out by Good” Thus Good over-coming evil is
a central device in this story. There is no victory, unless Evil is defeated.
Good over-coming Good is not a victory.


Beowulf concludes with Beowulf dying as an old king who has just slain a dragon terrorizing his
lands. Shortly before dying, Beowulf states “I sold my life for this gold. I sold it well.” He
believes he has defeated evil by a deed that was truly worthy. In Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s
Travels, the evil in the hearts of the Lilliputians is rooted out by Gulliver’s purity and wish for
freedom for all. “I would never be an instrument of bringing a free and brave people in slavery,”
he states. Enslavement of another group is the Evil which is defeated in this story. Mary Shelley’s
The Modern Prometheus ends with the monster being “borne away by the waves and lost in the
darkness and distance”. The evil of the story being destroyed only after the good, his creator, has
died. John Milton’s Paradise Lost ends in perhaps the most interesting way. Evil is still alive, but
being incapable of defeating the Good of the world. Satan states, “better to reign in hell than to
serve in heaven.” The battle of good and evil has not yet been completed, but Evil cannot destroy
that which is Good.


Women holding power is a classic reference to gender within British Literature. In Shakespeare’s
play Macbeth this device is in the forefront. Lady Macbeth states, “Was the hope drunk when you
dressed yourself?” Lady Macbeth has enough influence that she may convince her husband, the future
King, to commit an act of treason.


In the Golden Notebook, Doris Lessing demonstrates the ability of a woman to become powerful. The
phrase “Some people obtain fame, others deserve it.” suggests that the fame brought upon the
characters in her story is well deserved. Fame is a source of power as it can bring someone respect
from people of all nations. In Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations, there are many powerful women
characters such as Estella and Miss Havisham. Pip’s statement “I never had one hour's happiness
in her society, and yet my mind all round the four-and-twenty hours was harping on the happiness of
having her with me unto death.” reveals the pivotal role that Estella plays in his life. Without
this woman, the main male character feels weakened and deeply depressed. This woman’s power is based
on the influence she has in the lives of others.


In Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, the power that women possess in judging the opinions of men is
clearly revealed in the statement “You expect me to account for opinions which you choose to call
mine, but which I have never acknowledged.”. Beth Lau, a critic, writes, “Austen’s novels revolve
around courtship and marriage plots.” In a time when the social status of women was limited, this
was possibly the easiest way a woman could gain power.


On the other hand, Virginia Woolf’s, The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection, a distinct
lack of power on the part of Isabella is made evident in the statement, “She had no thoughts, and
she had no friends”. A.E. Housman’s Poem, Is My Team Ploughing?, shows a subtle equaling of
power between a man and a woman involved in a relationship:
"Is my girl happy,
That I thought hard to leave,
And is she tired of weeping
As she lies down to eve?"

Neither person can bear to leave the other and therefore both have power in the relationship
Serious Literature can sometime be quite tedious to read. British Authors often employ the use of
a comedian or a simple joke within the middle of a book for comic relief. William Shakespeare
employed this device within the play, “Macbeth”. Act II of this play contrasts the dark
plotting done by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, with the light atmosphere of the Porter, when, for
example, he states “Knock, knock, knock! Who’s there, I’ th’ name of Beelzebub?” The lines have no
affect the plot development and are simply there for comic relief. Shakespeare understood that an
entirely stoic play will eventually bore its audience. There must be a variance in the seriousness
of the characters.


In the Poem “Terence, This is Stupid Stuff”, A.E. Housman addresses some important issues
such as injustices in the world, but attempts to mask them with humor. Housman writes:


“The mischief is that ’twill not last.
Oh I have been to Ludlow fair
And left my necktie God knows where,
And carried half way home, or near,
Pints and quarts of Ludlow beer”


These few lines follow discussions on mischief and immorality in the world (as is evident in the
first line listed), but allow the reader to relax for Housman quickly brings up a ridiculous
question as to where he has left his necktie. This may be a reference to people who do not know how
to separate hard work and relaxation. Housman satirizes this with a worry about what possibly could
have become of his necktie.


Jonathan Swift was yet another writer to realize the important of comic relief within a work of
serious literature. In “Gulliver’s Travels” the King of Brobdingnag offers exceptional humor
whilst discussing important matters with Gulliver, such as the destruction brought on by gunpowder.
Gulliver statement, “Then taking me into his hands, and stroking me gently…” is a rather humorous
remark made as the King is lifting up Gulliver as though he is a type of infant animal. Peter
Steele, in a work of criticism called “Terminal Days among the Houyhnhnms”, writes that in
the various different tales of Gulliver’s Travels, “the face of the tragic impulse the comedy does
not become wan, and in the face of the comic impulse, the tragedy does not become diffident.” Swift
uses comic relief wherever he deems necessary, but never allows it to hurt the plot.


When considering the many different literary devices that British Literature has contributed to
every corner of the world, the integral importance of Christian traditions and values must be
acknowledged. In classic British literature, Good triumphs over Evil in a seemingly endless battle.
This endless battle and overall victory for Good is a Christian theme embodied in Christ’s death and
resurrection for the forgiveness of our sins. The power of women is also a Christian theme as
embodied in the person of Mary, the Mother of Christ, and in the Christian belief that all persons
are equal in the Lord. Another one of the most simple parts of British Literature, is relaxation
within the stories. This literature was written to relax the readers so that they will love reading
as a hobby. This explains the resurgence of soothing, relaxing, and calming aspects of British
stories. These literary devices may have spread to other parts of the world, especially to those
which were under the direct authority of the British Empire, but the devices themselves originate in
British cultural and religious tradition.
 

 



Works Cited


Anonymous. Beowulf. New York: Prentice Hall Literature, 800 A.D.
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Random House, 1813
Cooper, Susan. There and Back Again: Tolkien Revisited, Vanderbilt University, 2005
Dickens, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities, New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1859
---. Great Expectations, New York: Random House, 1860
Ecclesiae, Julia. The World of Harry Potter, University of Phoenix, 2006
Housman, A.E.. When I was One and Twenty, New York: Prentice Hall Literature, 1901
---. Is my Team Ploughing? Boston: Random House, 1928
---. Terence, This is Stupid Stuff, Boston: Random House, 1926
Khoury, Nadia. Orwell and the Struggle for Power, George Mason University, 2004
Lau, Beth. Placing Jane Austen in the Romantic Period: Self and Solitude in the Works of Austen
and the Male Romantic Poets,
California State University, 2004
Lessing, Doris. The Golden Notebook, London: Perennial Classics, 1962
Milton, John. Paradise Lost. New York: Prentice Hall Literature, 1674
Orwell, George. 1984, Los Angeles: Signet Classics, 1949
Rowling, J.K.. Harry Potter and The Chamber of Secrets, New York: Scholastic Press, 1998
---. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, New York: Scholastic Press, 2007
Shakespeare, William. Macbeth, New York: Prentice Hall Literature, 1605
Shelley, Mary. The Modern Prometheus, New York: Bantam Dell, 1818
Swift, Jonathan. Gulliver’s Travels, New York: Prentice Hall Literature, 1726
Steele, Peter. Terminal Days among the Houyhnhnms, Infobase Publishing, 1986
Tolkien, J.R.R.. Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company,
1955
---. Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1954
Woolf, Virginia. The Lady in the Looking Glass: A Reflection, New York: Prentice Hall
Literature, 1929

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
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